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imagine this scenario:

I want to run a database that keeps track of all the purchases that every customer makes. So i'll have a purchases table along a customers table and a prodcuts table. The thing is that one purchase is made of many objects. To keep track of this my idea is to make another table objectslist that contains: a primary key as as generic id, a foreign key as the purchaseid that references the purchase table, and the product id as a foreign key from the products table.

The thing becomes tricky for 2 reasons: inserting a purchase can be troublesome because i've got to update 3 tables at once. Querying for a specific purchase and all the objects on the cart involves multiple joins and i haven't figured out how to do this yet.

If there's any other simple idea let me know. Thanks

  • You can use a trigger on the relevant tables to perform the updates. If you want an example of a store database you can check out AdvertureWorks for SQLServer or You can download OpenCart (it's a PHP based Open-Source eCommerce store, contains everything you said.) – ZeroBased_IX May 3 '15 at 12:17
  • Seems like a reasonable design. A purchase may contain many products and a product may appear in many purchases so it's clearly a n-to-n relationship. What's troubling you with joininig multiple tables? As for updating 3 tables at once, that's what transactions are for. – zgguy May 3 '15 at 12:21
  • If you have the standard Order/OrderItem table layout, you already track all the purchases of every customer. What more do you need? – TommCatt May 4 '15 at 23:34
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When you make a purchase, you're really only inserting into two tables: Purchase and ObjectsList.

Querying for a Purchase and the Products in a Purchase is simple:

SELECT
    *
FROM
    Purchase JOIN ObjectsList
        ON ( Purchase.idPurchase = ObjectsList.idPurchase )
    JOIN Product
        ON ( ObjectsList.idProduct = Product.idProduct )
WHERE idPurchase = ?;

I think your design is good, there's nothing wrong with needing to insert into or query multiple tables.

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