I am having difficulty in using a variable name for the database. The below script searches through all databases and finds database that match a certain condition. The matching databases are added to table #t. I then loop through each database by setting the @DB1 to each database in turn. The problem I'm getting is when it comes to using the database name in @DB1. Any idea how I can get each of my matching databases to update?

create table #t (
    ID int IDENTITY,DBName sysname not null
EXEC sp_MSforeachdb 'use [?]; if OBJECT_ID(''dbo.SDE_server_config'') is not null insert into #t (DBName) select ''?'''

Declare @RowCount int
Declare @Counter int
Declare @DB1 varchar(max)

set @RowCount = (Select Count(*) from #t)
set @Counter=0

While @Counter <= @RowCount
select @Counter = @Counter + 1

set @DB1 =  = (select DBName FROM #t WHERE ID = @COUNTER)

:SETVAR DatabaseName @DB1

USE $(DatabaseName);

UPDATE dbo.SDE_server_config
        SET num_prop_value=0
        WHERE prop_name=CONNECTIONS;

  • Kim and Aaron Bertrand make a good and correct point below that sp_MSforeachDB is not supported and has some issues. It doesn't always operate over the entire list of databases. – msgisme Jul 13 '15 at 16:16

You dont really need a loop and there is no need to use the undocumented sp_MSforeachdb as there is a better alternative to it - written by Aaron Bertrand.

You can use below tsql - Run in SSMS by pressing CTRL+T:

set nocount on

select 'if OBJECT_ID(''dbo.SDE_server_config'') is not null'+char(10)+'begin '+char(10)+' UPDATE ' + quotename(name) + '.dbo.SDE_server_config SET num_prop_value=0
        WHERE prop_name=CONNECTIONS;' + char(10) + 'end '+char(10)+ 'else print ''there is nothing to update ...!;'''
from sys.databases
where database_id > 4
    and state_desc = 'ONLINE'

You can put above select statement in a variable and do and EXEC and save it in a .sql file and then use sqlcmd to just directly call that .sql file and run it on multiple servers.


Another approach: (different from @Kin's solution mostly in that you don't have to copy/paste the output or save to a .sql file):


  + N'.sys.objects WHERE name = N''SDE_server_config'')
  UPDATE ' + QUOTENAME(name) + '.dbo.SDE_server_config
    SET num_prop_value = 0 WHERE prop_name = ''CONNECTIONS'';'
FROM sys.databases;

EXEC sys.sp_executesql @sql;

The simplest option would be to add the update statement into the the string executed by sp_MSforeachDB:

EXEC sp_MSforeachdb 'use [?]; 
    if OBJECT_ID(''dbo.SDE_server_config'') is not null 
    update UPDATE dbo.SDE_server_config
    SET num_prop_value=0
    WHERE prop_name=CONNECTIONS;'

If you need to do something more complicated (not just an update statement), you can use dynamic sql:

--Put this with other variable declarations


--Put this in WHILE loop
SET @SQL = 'USE ' + QUOTENAME(@DB1) + ' 
    update UPDATE dbo.SDE_server_config
    SET num_prop_value=0
    WHERE prop_name=CONNECTIONS;'
  • Please note that sp_MSforeachdb is undocumented and not supported. – Kin Shah Jul 13 '15 at 13:36
  • And broken, too! – Aaron Bertrand Jul 13 '15 at 14:33

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