I am working in SQL Server 2008. I have a stored procedure with 5 queries inside of it that select rows from very large fact tables (on the order of millions of rows) into another table (call it table_B). (Actually, the 5 queries used to be lots of queries, but I compressed them down to 5 because each query was doing a LEFT JOIN from the very large fact tables against very small dimension tables, i.e., each very large table was being scanned lots of times.) I need this other table (table_B) to persist, i.e., every time the stored procedure is executed, rows just keep getting added to it. table_B can become very large itself.
Currently, for each of the 5 queries, I insert rows into it via the INSERT INTO table_B SELECT ... method. A colleague recommended to me to de-couple my inserts and selects to gain some performance. He recommended to first insert the rows into separate temp tables, export the temp tables as flat files, and then insert the flat files into my table_B via SSIS. That way, we can get the performance of SSIS for inserts.
What is the best way for inserting rows into these temp tables? (I can either pre-define them or create them on-the-fly. So, I'm open to using either INSERT INTO or SELECT INTO methods.) The number of rows returned in each SELECT query will be large, in general. So, I need it to be as fast as possible.
The tables are very simple, i.e., no indexes, constraints, or primary keys. (Those may get implemented in the future, but I am not designing for it.)
Also, is there a way to automate the end-to-end process? I don't want to have users first execute the stored procedure, query the temp tables, export them, and then run SSIS to import them into the final table_B.