There is but it does not necessarily provide a "status" itself. If you look at the definition of
sys.dm_xe_sessions in Books Online here:
Returns information about an active extended events session. This
session is a collection of events, actions, and targets.
The key is
active extended events sessions, this DMV is only going to return those XE sessions that are running. So you basically just look at the
create_time and that is when the session was started. You can verify this by looking at the
system_health session as the time returned should match up to when the instance was last started.
An example is my SQL Server 2012 instance on my local machine is kept stopped most of the time until I need it. I just started it so you can see the times are pretty close: