If SQL Server is running, the "system" backups will either (a) not include the SQL Server files, or (b) they may not be in a consistent state1.
Ensure SQL Server native backups are taking place on a regular basis, and test the restore procedure.
Also, note the lack of backup devices does not necessarily mean there are no SQL Server native backups taking place. You need to look at the
dbo.backuphistory table in the
msdb database to see if backups have taken place. One way to look at the backup history is to run the following query:
You can use this variable to either (a) show all database backup
history, or just history for a single database.
If you leave it as-is, it will display history for all databases
DECLARE @DBName SYSNAME;
SET @DBName = DB_NAME();
SET @DBName = NULL;
SELECT DatabaseName = bs.database_name
, BackupStartDate = bs.backup_start_date
, CompressedBackupSize = bs.compressed_backup_size
, ExpirationDate = bs.expiration_date
, BackupSetName = bs.name
, RecoveryModel = bs.recovery_model
, ServerName = bs.server_name
, BackupType =
WHEN 'D' THEN 'Database'
WHEN 'L' THEN 'Log'
, LogicalDeviceName = bmf.logical_device_name
, PhysicalDeviceName = bmf.physical_device_name
FROM msdb.dbo.backupset bs
INNER JOIN msdb.dbo.backupmediafamily bmf
ON [bs].[media_set_id] = [bmf].[media_set_id]
WHERE bs.database_name = @DBName
OR @DBName IS NULL
ORDER BY bs.backup_start_date DESC;
1 - see https://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/ms175536.aspx for details about running the SQL Server VSS Writer service to ensure consistent backups when running backups outside of SQL Server.