I have a filtered non-clustered index that SQL Server is not using. I'm pretty sure the optimizer is doing the right choice but I would like to force it to run with that index so I can compare the plan and see why it's more expensive.

I've removed everything from the query and I'm just selecting the column that is being filtered.

Index definition:

    ON tbl_test (CommentDateTime, name)
    INCLUDE (comment, CommentByType)
    WHERE CommentByType='INT';

The query I'm trying to run is:

SELECT CommentByType
FROM tbl_test WITH (INDEX (idx_all))
WHERE CommentByType='INT';

And SQL Server is returning the following error:

Query processor could not produce a query plan because of the hints defined in this query.
Resubmit the query without specifying any hints and without using SET FORCEPLAN.

I've read a lot about the column filtered being included either in the key or as include column but nothing helps.

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  • Could you add specific information about your version/build? I.e. SELECT @@VERSION. As well as the complete table schema with all indexes? – Daniel Hutmacher Feb 19 '16 at 8:48
  • Is that the exact query (i.e. no parameters) and exact index definition? – Mark Sinkinson Feb 19 '16 at 9:06
  • Hi there, yes! that's the exactly query i'm running. I had much more but i was getting that error so i removed every other part of the query so i could start from scratch but i'm getting the same error. The version is Microsoft SQL Server 2008 (SP3) - 10.0.5538.0 (X64) Apr 3 2015 14:50:02 Copyright (c) 1988-2008 Microsoft Corporation Standard Edition (64-bit) on Windows NT 6.1 <X64> (Build 7601: Service Pack 1) . the table schema is the following : Full schema of the table and indexes can be seen here: tinypic.com/r/15qynbq/9 PS: the idx_all is filtered on the column I said – MrKudz Feb 19 '16 at 13:03
  • 1
    Just in case you are not aware, you can formally accept the answer that has resolved your issue. – Andriy M Jul 26 '16 at 11:56

I can reproduce this in a database with PARAMETERIZATION FORCED.





CommentDateTime DATETIME,
name VARCHAR(50),
comment VARCHAR(50),
CommentByType VARCHAR(10)

    ON tbl_test (CommentDateTime, name)
    INCLUDE (comment, CommentByType)
    WHERE CommentByType='INT';

SELECT CommentByType
FROM tbl_test WITH (INDEX (idx_all))
WHERE CommentByType='INT'

The literal then gets parameterised and it is no longer guaranteed that the filtered index will match

where CommentByType = @0

In which case OPTION (RECOMPILE) allows the hint to succeed.

  • I think I do have forced PARAMETERIZATION on.. Is there any explanation why the query optimizer with forced parameterization would return an error ?Many thanks – MrKudz Feb 19 '16 at 13:04
  • 2
    @MrKudz - Because the parameterised plan with where CommentByType = @0 needs to work for any possible value of @0 - not just 'INT' so there is no guarantee that the filtered index will be suitable. i.e. SELECT CommentByType FROM tbl_test WITH (INDEX (idx_all)) WHERE CommentByType='SOMEOTHERVALUE' wouldn't work. – Martin Smith Feb 19 '16 at 13:35

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