According to the docs:

PL/Python is only available as an "untrusted" language, meaning it does not offer any way of restricting what users can do in it and is therefore named plpythonu. A trusted variant plpython might become available in the future if a secure execution mechanism is developed in Python.

Why exactly is it difficult to develop a secure execution mechanism for Python but not for other languages such as Perl?


It's to do with Python's object model - there's always a way to get a reference to objects that could be unsafe. See the rexec module documentation and the restricted execution chapter of the docs for some info on the problems, as well as:

The limitations aren't anything to do with PostgreSQL its self, they're inherent to the CPython interpreter implementation or possibly even the Python language its self.

Some other languages have checked runtimes, like Perl, Java, JavaScript and Lua. Most of them have faced a series of security issues as such confined execution environments are very hard to protect against all possible jailbreak exploits.

There's really nothing stopping PostgreSQL from adding a semitrusted Python interpreter, since rexec is "good enough" for many purposes. PostgreSQL doesn't tend to be keen on only-mostly-kinda-good-enough-maybe though. It would probably only be accepted if marked superuser-only, but you could always then grant access to it for specific users. It'd be better than untrusted Python.

Personally I think PL/V8 or similar is the future here, and would like to see it move toward being supported in core.

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