I've searched around, but can't find the exact details to point me in the proper direction. I currently have 2 MySQL instances under 5.5.41 running as a master-slave setup. I followed these directions to set it up. Since both of these nodes are on the same VM storage I'd like to migrate one to a different datacenter as a master-master config then use JDBC load balancing where the current master is primary and the slave is converted to a secondary master with replication enabled between both. Can anyone provide the steps I'd need to perform on the MySQL nodes? I believe I now the correct JDBC line to use for my app connection.
Master-Master has a lot of problems if you are writing to both. It is better to write to only one of them until you need to failover.
Setting up Dual-Master is simply setting up both servers as being both Master and Slave, much like you already did to make your current Master-Slave topology.