Is there a way to create a unique index across tables in a SQL Server database? I have two tables, Table A and Table B. In that I have a Column named ID, I want to make these Id columns as unique (combining Table A and B's Ids )

How can I do this ?

  • 1
    Do you mean that it is permitted to have same IDs on tables A and B? For example, in Table A ID := 7 and in Table B ID := 7 at the same time?
    – vonPryz
    Jul 12, 2016 at 6:10
  • @vonPryz No, I dont want duplicate contents combing two tables. I mean I dont want to allow ID=7 in table B if ID=7 already exist in Table A. Jul 12, 2016 at 6:21

3 Answers 3


You could use a sequence for generating the values for ID fields. The documentation explicitly mentions your use case. The example C on said page has a sample implementation about this.

Use sequences instead of identity columns in the following scenarios:

  • The application requires sharing a single series of numbers between multiple tables or multiple columns within a table.

Be aware that there are a few catches. For example, sequence values are reusable, are not unique by default and can contain gaps. Pay attention to the Limits part in the docs.


table c

tableAid pk fk table a 
tableBid pk fk table b

This was before the comment I dont want to allow ID=7 in table B if ID=7 already exist in Table A


You could create a third table C, with a primary (or unique) key defined in it, and create before each row INSERT, UPDATE and DELETE triggers in both of your tables A and B that insert, update or delete their key into table C. You could use table C for foreign keys also, if you need to.

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