Yes, it will. When there's no load on the table, I would suggest following procedure though. Not only can you double-check if everything is okay, it probably is also faster.
CREATE TABLE new_adv LIKE adv;
ALTER TABLE new_adv
MODIFY COLUMN id VARCHAR(80),
MODIFY COLUMN index INT(11);
INSERT INTO new_adv SELECT * FROM adv;
RENAME adv TO old_adv, new_adv TO adv;
/*when everything is okay...*/
DROP TABLE old_adv;
And by the way, it's a good idea not to use keywords like
index for column names. You might want to change that, too. And if it's just for the benefit of not having to use backticks all the time when you use this column.