On HOST OS RHEL 6.5, I upgraded mysql server from 5.1 to 5.7.9. And when i try to start it refuses and give me these messages in Logs

2016-08-01T07:29:42.939712Z mysqld_safe Starting mysqld daemon with databases from /var/lib/mysql
2016-08-01T07:29:43.106871Z 0 [Warning] TIMESTAMP with implicit DEFAULT value is deprecated. Please use --explicit_defaults_for_timestamp server                     option (see documentation for more details).
2016-08-01T07:29:43.107788Z 0 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld (mysqld 5.7.14) starting as process 530 ...
2016-08-01T07:29:43.111259Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: PUNCH HOLE support available
2016-08-01T07:29:43.111311Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Mutexes and rw_locks use GCC atomic builtins
2016-08-01T07:29:43.111323Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Uses event mutexes
2016-08-01T07:29:43.111357Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: GCC builtin __sync_synchronize() is used for memory barrier
2016-08-01T07:29:43.111390Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Compressed tables use zlib 1.2.3
2016-08-01T07:29:43.111439Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Using Linux native AIO
2016-08-01T07:29:43.111687Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Number of pools: 1
2016-08-01T07:29:43.111830Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Using CPU crc32 instructions
2016-08-01T07:29:43.112928Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Initializing buffer pool, total size = 128M, instances = 1, chunk size = 128M
2016-08-01T07:29:43.120425Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Completed initialization of buffer pool
2016-08-01T07:29:43.122567Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: If the mysqld execution user is authorized, page cleaner thread priority can be changed. See the man                     page of setpriority().
2016-08-01T07:29:43.135210Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Highest supported file format is Barracuda.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.150778Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Creating shared tablespace for temporary tables
2016-08-01T07:29:43.150900Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Setting file './ibtmp1' size to 12 MB. Physically writing the file full; Please wait ...
2016-08-01T07:29:43.275761Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: File './ibtmp1' size is now 12 MB.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.276475Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: 96 redo rollback segment(s) found. 96 redo rollback segment(s) are active.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.276514Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: 32 non-redo rollback segment(s) are active.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.277645Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: 5.7.14 started; log sequence number 2519139
2016-08-01T07:29:43.279034Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Loading buffer pool(s) from /var/lib/mysql/ib_buffer_pool
2016-08-01T07:29:43.279734Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Buffer pool(s) load completed at 160801 10:29:43
2016-08-01T07:29:43.279734Z 0 [Note] Plugin 'FEDERATED' is disabled.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.282155Z 0 [Warning] System table 'plugin' is expected to be transactional.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.282599Z 0 [Warning] Gtid table is not ready to be used. Table 'mysql.gtid_executed' cannot be opened.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.282687Z 0 [Warning] Failed to set up SSL because of the following SSL library error: SSL context is not usable without certif                    icate and private key
2016-08-01T07:29:43.282880Z 0 [Note] Server hostname (bind-address): '*'; port: 3306
2016-08-01T07:29:43.282973Z 0 [Note] IPv6 is available.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.283011Z 0 [Note]   - '::' resolves to '::';
2016-08-01T07:29:43.283051Z 0 [Note] Server socket created on IP: '::'.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284349Z 0 [Warning] Failed to open optimizer cost constant tables

2016-08-01T07:29:43.284662Z 0 [ERROR] Fatal error: mysql.user table is damaged. Please run mysql_upgrade.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284766Z 0 [ERROR] Aborting

2016-08-01T07:29:43.284803Z 0 [Note] Binlog end
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284854Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'ngram'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284886Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'ARCHIVE'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284895Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'partition'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284919Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'BLACKHOLE'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284927Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'MyISAM'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284937Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'CSV'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284964Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_VIRTUAL'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284972Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_DATAFILES'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.284996Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_TABLESPACES'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285002Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_FOREIGN_COLS'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285011Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_FOREIGN'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285016Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_FIELDS'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285020Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_COLUMNS'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285044Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_INDEXES'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285051Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_TABLESTATS'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285055Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_SYS_TABLES'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285078Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_INDEX_TABLE'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285084Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_INDEX_CACHE'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285089Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_CONFIG'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285112Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_BEING_DELETED'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285118Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_DELETED'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285122Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_FT_DEFAULT_STOPWORD'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285127Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_METRICS'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285150Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_TEMP_TABLE_INFO'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285156Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_BUFFER_POOL_STATS'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285161Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_BUFFER_PAGE_LRU'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285183Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_BUFFER_PAGE'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285190Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMP_PER_INDEX_RESET'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285194Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMP_PER_INDEX'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285217Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMPMEM_RESET'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285224Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMPMEM'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285228Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMP_RESET'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285251Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_CMP'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285258Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_LOCK_WAITS'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285262Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_LOCKS'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285284Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'INNODB_TRX'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285290Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'InnoDB'
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285351Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: FTS optimize thread exiting.
2016-08-01T07:29:43.285514Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Starting shutdown...
2016-08-01T07:29:43.385850Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Dumping buffer pool(s) to /var/lib/mysql/ib_buffer_pool
2016-08-01T07:29:43.386745Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Buffer pool(s) dump completed at 160801 10:29:43
2016-08-01T07:29:45.309017Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Shutdown completed; log sequence number 2519158
2016-08-01T07:29:45.310815Z 0 [Note] InnoDB: Removed temporary tablespace data file: "ibtmp1"
2016-08-01T07:29:45.310860Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'MEMORY'
2016-08-01T07:29:45.310873Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'PERFORMANCE_SCHEMA'
2016-08-01T07:29:45.310932Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'MRG_MYISAM'
2016-08-01T07:29:45.310963Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'sha256_password'
2016-08-01T07:29:45.310971Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'mysql_native_password'
2016-08-01T07:29:45.311085Z 0 [Note] Shutting down plugin 'binlog'
2016-08-01T07:29:45.311243Z 0 [Note] /usr/sbin/mysqld: Shutdown complete

2016-08-01T07:29:45.324479Z mysqld_safe mysqld from pid file /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.pid ended

I have a very big heads-up for you

The password field in mysql.user is no longer in existence. Passwords are now stored in the column called authentication_string. I wrote about this a while ago:

This may explain the reason you got this error message

2016-08-01T07:29:43.284662Z 0 [ERROR] Fatal error: mysql.user table is damaged. Please run mysql_upgrade.

You need to run mysql_upgrade using the --upgrade-system-tables option

mysql-upgrade --upgrade-system-tables

This will copy the contents of the password column into the authentication_string column, remove the password column, and other adjustments needed for MySQL 5.7.


This may still not work because you are leaping 3 major versions

What to do ??? You could on of the following

| improve this answer | |

Upgrading from 5.1 to 5.7 is not that trivial.

Plan A: Upgrade from 5.1 to 5.5, then to 5.6, then to 5.7. At each step, be sure to run mysql_upgrade.

Plan B: Dump the data; remove 5.1; install 5.7; load the data.

There are many discussions in forums about either technique; review them. I have only given you an overview.

| improve this answer | |

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.