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Am working on an application that helps user to enter symptoms that matches those existing in the database and gets disease(diagnosis).

I have the following database table with information about symptoms, diseases, and disease-symptoms which associates the two tables, as shown below:

DISEASE_T   SYMPTOMS    disease-symptoms
==========  ==========  ========

DISEASE_ID  SYMPTOM_ID  DISEASE_ID

VALUE       VALUE       SYMPTOM_ID

I want to search user selected symptoms, which are array of symptoms id in disease-symptoms table and return top 5 matching disease IDs, based on, where most of the symptoms are matching with each disease.

For example, user select symptoms are 1,2,3 (cough,cold,headache)

DISEASE_T      SYMPTOMS_T  disease-symptoms

=========      ==========  ===============

1,malaria       1,cough          1,1

2,tuberculosis  2,cold           1,2

3,typhoid       3,headache       2,2
                                 2,3
                                 3,1
                                 3,2
                                 3,3

Help will be appreciated.

  • In your example, is the correct answer 3 or 3 followed by 1,2? 3 is the only disease that matches all three symptoms, but should the result also contain partial matches? – Lennart Aug 25 '16 at 21:11
  • The output doesn't matter a lot but generating the right logic to get that disease after entering the input from the form.For instance if 1 and 2 entered then malaria is the result hope you get the hint here – quintumnia Aug 25 '16 at 22:23
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Select diseases with the 3 symptoms:

select DISEASE_ID, count() from DiseaseSymptoms_T where SYMPTOM_ID in (1, 2, 3) group by DISEASE_ID having count() = 3 -- number of symptoms in the where

That will only list typhoid, because it has all three symptoms

If you want all the diseases with the symptoms 1 and 2

select DISEASE_ID, count() from DiseaseSymptoms_T where SYMPTOM_ID in (1, 2) group by DISEASE_ID having count() = 2 -- number of symptoms in the where

This last query will also show the disease typhoid, because it has the two symptoms in the where

If you want only the first 5 rows, the syntax depends on the engine. For SQL Server use SELECT TOP 5 DISEASE_ID... For MySQL add LIMIT 1 at the end of the query... For Informix use SELECT FIRST 5...

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