It depends, lets test it.
[oracle@server1 Desktop]$ expdp system/oracle directory=DATA_PUMP_DIR schemas=jay dumpfile=jay.dmp
Export process has started and I tried to shut the database down in a separate session.
SQL> conn / as sysdba
SQL> shut immediate
And I noticed the following error in the export log.
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/STATISTICS/TABLE_STATISTICS
. . exported "JAY"."MY_OBJECTS" 98.58 MB 1017888 rows
. . exported "JAY"."TBL2OBJECTS" 98.58 MB 1017888 rows
. . exported "JAY"."TBLOBJECTS1" 8.225 MB 84824 rows
. . exported "JAY"."FOOD" 6.875 KB 6 rows
UDE-01089: operation generated ORACLE error 1089
ORA-01089: immediate shutdown in progress - no operations are permitted
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_DATAPUMP", line 3326
ORA-06512: at "SYS.DBMS_DATAPUMP", line 4551
ORA-06512: at line 1
Process ID: 28921
Session ID: 36 Serial number: 45
Now I tried to import one of the tables which was exported.
[oracle@server1 Desktop]$ impdp jay/jay directory=DATA_PUMP_DIR tables=my_objects dumpfile=jay.dmp
Import: Release 126.96.36.199.0 - Production on Wed Mar 22 04:47:15 2017
Copyright (c) 1982, 2011, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Connected to: Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 188.8.131.52.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Data Mining and Real Application Testing options
Master table "JAY"."SYS_IMPORT_TABLE_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
Starting "JAY"."SYS_IMPORT_TABLE_01": jay/password directory=DATA_PUMP_DIR tables=my_objects dumpfile=jay.dmp
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE
Processing object type SCHEMA_EXPORT/TABLE/TABLE_DATA
. . imported "JAY"."MY_OBJECTS" 98.58 MB 1017888 rows
Job "JAY"."SYS_IMPORT_TABLE_01" successfully completed at Wed Mar 22 04:47:50 2017 elapsed 0 00:00:33
And it succeeded.
But sometimes you may end up with the following errors.
ORA-39002: invalid operation ORA-39059: dump file set is incomplete
ORA-39246: cannot locate master table within provided dump files
Conclusion: You can restore exported tables as far as the dump file contains the export job's master table - a table which is created during the startup of export process to keep the location of database objects within a dump file. You could see that master table called
SYS_IMPORT_TABLE_01 is loaded before importing the table specified at the starting line of
impdp log in the above section.