I'm looking for a easy or manageable way to read an XML file, specifically the XML output for SQL Server deadlocks. I have some servers that are not being monitored for various reasons.

I found the following code on the interwebz, but its output is nothing but XML.

CREATE TABLE #errorlog (
                        LogDate DATETIME 
                        , ProcessInfo VARCHAR(100)
                        , [Text] VARCHAR(MAX)


INSERT INTO #errorlog EXEC sp_readerrorlog;

SELECT @tag = text
FROM #errorlog 
WHERE [Text] LIKE 'Logging%MSSQL\Log%';

DROP TABLE #errorlog;

SET @path = SUBSTRING(@tag, 38, CHARINDEX('MSSQL\Log', @tag) - 29);

    CONVERT(xml, event_data).query('/event/data/value/child::*') AS DeadlockReport,
    CONVERT(xml, event_data).value('(event[@name="xml_deadlock_report"]/@timestamp)[1]', 'datetime') 
    AS Execution_Time
FROM sys.fn_xe_file_target_read_file(@path + '\system_health*.xel', NULL, NULL, NULL)
WHERE OBJECT_NAME like 'xml_deadlock_report';

Is there a way to take the raw XML output from this T-SQL code and display it as a deadlock graph or more easily readable text?

  • 1
    Try saving the XML as a file with an extension of xdl and then open in SSMS – Scott Hodgin Oct 16 '17 at 23:20
  • 1
    To get it into tabular form you can use blog.waynesheffield.com/wayne/code-library/deadlocks/… – Martin Smith Oct 17 '17 at 6:02
  • @ScottHodgin That worked! It kills me to know that I've been in IT as long as I have and didn't think about file extension trick :| I should've known better, thank you! – Sean Perkins Oct 17 '17 at 13:44
  • 2
    Wanna receive *.xdl files in your Inbox in near real-time? It's fairly simple with event notifications – Dave Mason Oct 17 '17 at 16:39
  • @ScottHodgin this works: changing the xml extension to xdl. . But also, delete the outer tags event, data, type value. the outer tag should be <deadlock>. – Phillip Ngan Nov 19 '19 at 1:46

You can bcp out and save it as .xdl. Many ways you can do it .. e.g. BCP OUT (I am using xp_cmdshell but you can use powershell or any other method).

Borrowing code from my answer (You need to adjust the code as per your requirement) :

-- bcp out as .xdl file. This is the deadlock graph that will be emailed. Note that it will be overwritten everytime !!

exec master..xp_cmdshell ''BCP.exe "SELECT  [Deadlockgraph].query(''''/TextData/deadlock-list'''') FROM dba_db.dbo.Deadlock where Notified = 0" queryout "d:\logs\deadlock.xdl" -c -q -T -Slocalhost''; ---- change localhost ..with the servername\instance or servername !!
| improve this answer | |
  • Thank you, Kin. I can see how this method could be very useful! – Sean Perkins Oct 17 '17 at 13:45

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