3

I have DB with about 30M records in a collection with about 100GB collection size (total documents and indexes).

I have a compound index that filters data based on user_id and some other fields like: is_active, is_logged_in, etc.

With MongoDB Compass I see slow queries of about 10s, 20s or even 40 seconds! I ran the exact same query and result is fetched less than 500ms (though it may get cached on second try).

When I get that ongoing op stat, I see the following lock status:

 "lockStats": {
         "Global": {
             "acquireCount": {
                 "r": 574
             }
         },
         "MMAPV1Journal": {
             "acquireCount": {
                 "r": 295
             },
             "acquireWaitCount": {
                 "r": 2
             },
             "timeAcquiringMicros": {
                 "r": 15494
             }
         },
 }

acquireCount: Number of times the operation acquired the lock in the specified mode is so high compared to the fast query (on another collection) that has the below status:

"lockStats": {
         "Global": {
             "acquireCount": {
                 "r": 2
             }
         },
         "MMAPV1Journal": {
             "acquireCount": {
                 "r": 1
             }
         },
         "Database": {
             "acquireCount": {
                 "r": 1
             }
         },
         "Collection": {
             "acquireCount": {
                 "R": 1
             }
         }
     }

When operations are slow, and a user that has many records take so long it has domino effect on all the other operations after a few seconds.

When I explain the query on the large collection I can see the result that it has used an index:

{
    "queryPlanner" : {
        "plannerVersion" : 1,
        "namespace" : "cuda.call_history",
        "indexFilterSet" : false,
        "parsedQuery" : {
            "$and" : [ 
                {
                    "$or" : [ 
                        {
                            "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam" : {
                                "$eq" : false
                            }
                        }, 
                        {
                            "$nor" : [ 
                                {
                                    "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam" : {
                                        "$exists" : true
                                    }
                                }
                            ]
                        }
                    ]
                }, 
                {
                    "is_removed" : {
                        "$eq" : false
                    }
                }, 
                {
                    "user_id" : {
                        "$eq" : "00000000000040008000000000002a5d"
                    }
                }, 
                {
                    "trk.0.direction" : {
                        "$eq" : "ingress"
                    }
                }, 
                {
                    "trk.0.type" : {
                        "$eq" : "fax"
                    }
                }, 
                {
                    "date" : {
                        "$lt" : "2018-01-09 10:36:31"
                    }
                }, 
                {
                    "date" : {
                        "$gt" : "1970-01-01 00:00:00"
                    }
                }, 
                {
                    "trk.0.data.status" : {
                        "$in" : [ 
                            "p_received", 
                            "success"
                        ]
                    }
                }
            ]
        },
        "winningPlan" : {
            "stage" : "FETCH",
            "filter" : {
                "$and" : [ 
                    {
                        "$or" : [ 
                            {
                                "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam" : {
                                    "$eq" : false
                                }
                            }, 
                            {
                                "$nor" : [ 
                                    {
                                        "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam" : {
                                            "$exists" : true
                                        }
                                    }
                                ]
                            }
                        ]
                    }, 
                    {
                        "trk.0.type" : {
                            "$eq" : "fax"
                        }
                    }, 
                    {
                        "date" : {
                            "$lt" : "2018-01-09 10:36:31"
                        }
                    }, 
                    {
                        "date" : {
                            "$gt" : "1970-01-01 00:00:00"
                        }
                    }
                ]
            },
            "inputStage" : {
                "stage" : "IXSCAN",
                "keyPattern" : {
                    "user_id" : 1,
                    "trk.0.direction" : 1,
                    "is_read" : 1,
                    "trk.0.data.status" : 1,
                    "is_removed" : 1
                },
                "indexName" : "user_id_direction_is_read_status_is_removed",
                "isMultiKey" : false,
                "isUnique" : false,
                "isSparse" : false,
                "isPartial" : false,
                "indexVersion" : 1,
                "direction" : "forward",
                "indexBounds" : {
                    "user_id" : [ 
                        "[\"00000000000040008000000000002a5d\", \"00000000000040008000000000002a5d\"]"
                    ],
                    "trk.0.direction" : [ 
                        "[\"ingress\", \"ingress\"]"
                    ],
                    "is_read" : [ 
                        "[MinKey, MaxKey]"
                    ],
                    "trk.0.data.status" : [ 
                        "[\"p_received\", \"p_received\"]", 
                        "[\"success\", \"success\"]"
                    ],
                    "is_removed" : [ 
                        "[false, false]"
                    ]
                }
            }
        },
        "rejectedPlans" : [ 
            {
                "stage" : "FETCH",
                "filter" : {
                    "$and" : [ 
                        {
                            "$or" : [ 
                                {
                                    "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam" : {
                                        "$eq" : false
                                    }
                                }, 
                                {
                                    "$nor" : [ 
                                        {
                                            "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam" : {
                                                "$exists" : true
                                            }
                                        }
                                    ]
                                }
                            ]
                        }, 
                        {
                            "is_removed" : {
                                "$eq" : false
                            }
                        }, 
                        {
                            "trk.0.direction" : {
                                "$eq" : "ingress"
                            }
                        }, 
                        {
                            "trk.0.type" : {
                                "$eq" : "fax"
                            }
                        }, 
                        {
                            "trk.0.data.status" : {
                                "$in" : [ 
                                    "p_received", 
                                    "success"
                                ]
                            }
                        }
                    ]
                },
                "inputStage" : {
                    "stage" : "IXSCAN",
                    "keyPattern" : {
                        "user_id" : 1,
                        "date" : -1
                    },
                    "indexName" : "user_id_date",
                    "isMultiKey" : false,
                    "isUnique" : false,
                    "isSparse" : false,
                    "isPartial" : false,
                    "indexVersion" : 1,
                    "direction" : "forward",
                    "indexBounds" : {
                        "user_id" : [ 
                            "[\"00000000000040008000000000002a5d\", \"00000000000040008000000000002a5d\"]"
                        ],
                        "date" : [ 
                            "(\"2018-01-09 10:36:31\", \"1970-01-01 00:00:00\")"
                        ]
                    }
                }
            }, 
            {
                "stage" : "FETCH",
                "filter" : {
                    "$and" : [ 
                        {
                            "$or" : [ 
                                {
                                    "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam" : {
                                        "$eq" : false
                                    }
                                }, 
                                {
                                    "$nor" : [ 
                                        {
                                            "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam" : {
                                                "$exists" : true
                                            }
                                        }
                                    ]
                                }
                            ]
                        }, 
                        {
                            "is_removed" : {
                                "$eq" : false
                            }
                        }, 
                        {
                            "trk.0.direction" : {
                                "$eq" : "ingress"
                            }
                        }, 
                        {
                            "trk.0.type" : {
                                "$eq" : "fax"
                            }
                        }, 
                        {
                            "date" : {
                                "$lt" : "2018-01-09 10:36:31"
                            }
                        }, 
                        {
                            "date" : {
                                "$gt" : "1970-01-01 00:00:00"
                            }
                        }, 
                        {
                            "trk.0.data.status" : {
                                "$in" : [ 
                                    "p_received", 
                                    "success"
                                ]
                            }
                        }
                    ]
                },
                "inputStage" : {
                    "stage" : "IXSCAN",
                    "keyPattern" : {
                        "user_id" : 1,
                        "to" : 1,
                        "from" : 1
                    },
                    "indexName" : "user_id_to_from",
                    "isMultiKey" : false,
                    "isUnique" : false,
                    "isSparse" : false,
                    "isPartial" : false,
                    "indexVersion" : 1,
                    "direction" : "forward",
                    "indexBounds" : {
                        "user_id" : [ 
                            "[\"00000000000040008000000000002a5d\", \"00000000000040008000000000002a5d\"]"
                        ],
                        "to" : [ 
                            "[MinKey, MaxKey]"
                        ],
                        "from" : [ 
                            "[MinKey, MaxKey]"
                        ]
                    }
                }
            }
        ]
    },
    "executionStats" : {
        "executionSuccess" : true,
        "nReturned" : 4682,
        "executionTimeMillis" : 2072,
        "totalKeysExamined" : 4688,
        "totalDocsExamined" : 4682,
        "executionStages" : {
            "stage" : "FETCH",
            "filter" : {
                "$and" : [ 
                    {
                        "$or" : [ 
                            {
                                "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam" : {
                                    "$eq" : false
                                }
                            }, 
                            {
                                "$nor" : [ 
                                    {
                                        "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam" : {
                                            "$exists" : true
                                        }
                                    }
                                ]
                            }
                        ]
                    }, 
                    {
                        "trk.0.type" : {
                            "$eq" : "fax"
                        }
                    }, 
                    {
                        "date" : {
                            "$lt" : "2018-01-09 10:36:31"
                        }
                    }, 
                    {
                        "date" : {
                            "$gt" : "1970-01-01 00:00:00"
                        }
                    }
                ]
            },
            "nReturned" : 4682,
            "executionTimeMillisEstimate" : 710,
            "works" : 4897,
            "advanced" : 4682,
            "needTime" : 5,
            "needYield" : 209,
            "saveState" : 234,
            "restoreState" : 234,
            "isEOF" : 1,
            "invalidates" : 1,
            "docsExamined" : 4682,
            "alreadyHasObj" : 0,
            "inputStage" : {
                "stage" : "IXSCAN",
                "nReturned" : 4682,
                "executionTimeMillisEstimate" : 305,
                "works" : 4688,
                "advanced" : 4682,
                "needTime" : 5,
                "needYield" : 0,
                "saveState" : 234,
                "restoreState" : 234,
                "isEOF" : 1,
                "invalidates" : 1,
                "keyPattern" : {
                    "user_id" : 1,
                    "trk.0.direction" : 1,
                    "is_read" : 1,
                    "trk.0.data.status" : 1,
                    "is_removed" : 1
                },
                "indexName" : "user_id_direction_is_read_status_is_removed",
                "isMultiKey" : false,
                "isUnique" : false,
                "isSparse" : false,
                "isPartial" : false,
                "indexVersion" : 1,
                "direction" : "forward",
                "indexBounds" : {
                    "user_id" : [ 
                        "[\"00000000000040008000000000002a5d\", \"00000000000040008000000000002a5d\"]"
                    ],
                    "trk.0.direction" : [ 
                        "[\"ingress\", \"ingress\"]"
                    ],
                    "is_read" : [ 
                        "[MinKey, MaxKey]"
                    ],
                    "trk.0.data.status" : [ 
                        "[\"p_received\", \"p_received\"]", 
                        "[\"success\", \"success\"]"
                    ],
                    "is_removed" : [ 
                        "[false, false]"
                    ]
                },
                "keysExamined" : 4688,
                "seeks" : 6,
                "dupsTested" : 0,
                "dupsDropped" : 0,
                "seenInvalidated" : 0
            }
        }
    },
    "serverInfo" : {
        "host" : “hs1.mydomain.com”,
        "port" : 27017,
        "version" : "3.4.10",
        "gitVersion" : "078f28920cb24de0dd479b5ea6c66c644f6326e9"
    },
    "ok" : 1.0
}

keysExamined is just 4,688! It is not much compared to the total data of the collection which is 30M documents. When Mongo gets slow when it has domino effect, CPU usage and Memory is not high. Mongo just uses 40% of the memory. Disk partition is Ext4 if that helps.

Another example of a very slow query in full details:

{
    "desc": "conn199276",
    "threadId": "140070259820288",
    "connectionId": 199276,
    "client": "client_server_ip:45590",
    "active": "true",
    "opid": 63869351,
    "secs_running": 36,
    "microsecs_running": 36136211,
    "op": "query",
    "ns": "cuda.call_history",
    "query": {
        "find": "call_history",
        "filter": {
            "is_removed": false,
            "trk.0.extra_data.spam.is_spam": true,
            "trk.0.direction": "ingress",
            "date": {
                "$gt": "1970-01-01 00:00:00",
                "$lt": "4001-01-01 00:00:00"
            },
            "trk.0.extra_data.status": {
                "$in": [
                    "success",
                    "p_received"
                ]
            },
            "trk.0.type": "clk",
            "owner_id": "00000000000040008000000000003828"
        },
        "sort": {
            "date": -1
        },
        "limit": 31
    },
    "numYields": 6600,
    "locks": {},
    "waitingForLock": "false",
    "lockStats": {
        "Global": {
            "acquireCount": {
                "r": 13200
            }
        },
        "MMAPV1Journal": {
            "acquireCount": {
                "r": 6611
            },
            "acquireWaitCount": {
                "r": 9
            },
            "timeAcquiringMicros": {
                "r": 50854
            }
        },
        "Database": {
            "acquireCount": {
                "r": 6600
            }
        },
        "Collection": {
            "acquireCount": {
                "R": 6600
            },
            "acquireWaitCount": {
                "R": 11
            },
            "timeAcquiringMicros": {
                "R": 163707
            }
        }
    }
}

Output of db.stats():

rs0:PRIMARY> db.stats()
{
    "db" : "cuda",
    "collections" : 5,
    "views" : 0,
    "objects" : 55009248,
    "avgObjSize" : 2018.6135346551184,
    "dataSize" : 111042412544,
    "storageSize" : 113055362336,
    "numExtents" : 100,
    "indexes" : 7,
    "indexSize" : 14223460160,
    "fileSize" : 133012914176,
    "nsSizeMB" : 16,
    "extentFreeList" : {
        "num" : 0,
        "totalSize" : 0
    },
    "dataFileVersion" : {
        "major" : 4,
        "minor" : 22
    },
    "ok" : 1
}

mongostat displays the below result, I think fault number is high:

insert query update delete getmore command flushes mapped vsize   res faults qrw arw net_in net_out conn set repl                time
     5    93      4     *0       0    64|0       0         282G 9.11G     26 0|0 0|0  64.3k    187k  481 rs0  PRI Jan 10 06:25:14.476
    *0   107     *0      1       0    58|0       0         282G 9.14G      4 0|0 0|0  51.5k    247k  481 rs0  PRI Jan 10 06:25:15.475
     2    88      5     *0       0    70|0       0         282G 9.04G     26 0|0 0|0  61.5k    245k  481 rs0  PRI Jan 10 06:25:16.476
     3    98      2     *0       0    71|0       0         282G 9.12G      6 0|0 0|0  59.6k    274k  481 rs0  PRI Jan 10 06:25:17.474
     1   105     *0      1       0    82|0       0         282G 9.10G     14 0|0 0|0  63.4k    254k  481 rs0  PRI Jan 10 06:25:18.476
     1    88      2     *0       0    68|0       0         282G 9.12G     75 0|0 0|0  49.9k    194k  481 rs0  PRI Jan 10 06:25:19.476
     5   120      4     *0       0    78|0       0         282G 9.11G      5 0|0 0|0  75.7k    548k  484 rs0  PRI Jan 10 06:25:20.476
     3    89     *0      4       0    64|0       0         282G 9.14G     19 0|0 0|0  55.3k   1.59m  483 rs0  PRI Jan 10 06:25:21.476
    *0    81     *0     *0       0    62|0       0         282G 9.17G      0 0|0 0|0  46.9k    265k  481 rs0  PRI Jan 10 06:25:22.476
     6   105      3     *0       0    67|0       0         282G 9.15G     49 0|0 0|0  61.8k    240k  481 rs0  PRI Jan 10 06:25:23.475

And under load we have high page faults:

insert query update delete getmore command flushes mapped vsize   res faults  qrw  arw net_in net_out conn set repl                time
     1    96     *0     *0       0    70|0       0         282G 10.9G    597  0|0  2|0  59.1k   1.06m  484 rs0  PRI Jan 10 07:48:45.061
     1   103      3     *0       0    79|0       0         282G 10.9G    715  0|0  0|0  66.4k    176k  484 rs0  PRI Jan 10 07:48:46.060
     2   102     *0     *0       0    72|0       0         282G 10.9G    718  0|0  2|0  59.6k    154k  484 rs0  PRI Jan 10 07:48:47.060
     2   104      2      1       0    83|0       0         282G 11.0G    692  0|0  3|0  68.7k    154k  483 rs0  PRI Jan 10 07:48:48.061
     2   103      2     *0       0    86|0       0         282G 11.0G    743  0|0  1|0  64.2k    154k  482 rs0  PRI Jan 10 07:48:49.059
    *0   116      2     *0       0    95|0       0         282G 11.0G    715  0|0  2|0  68.5k    237k  484 rs0  PRI Jan 10 07:48:50.060
     1   112      6      1       0    78|0       0         282G 11.0G    595  0|0  2|0  74.3k    231k  481 rs0  PRI Jan 10 07:48:51.061
     2   137      5      1       0    83|0       0         282G 11.0G    733  0|0  3|0  81.6k    301k  480 rs0  PRI Jan 10 07:48:52.060
     3   157      5      1       0    92|0       0         282G 11.0G    697  0|0  3|0  89.5k    183k  481 rs0  PRI Jan 10 07:48:53.059
     4   102      3     *0       0    73|0       0         282G 10.9G    599  0|0  1|0  67.1k    154k  480 rs0  PRI Jan 10 07:48:54.060

We have about 15GB of free memory that MongoDB does not use!

On peak we reach 400 OPS, and 500 connections per seconds. Is there anything I could do to improve the performance?


EDIT

iostat output of disk:

Device:         rrqm/s   wrqm/s     r/s     w/s    rkB/s    wkB/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz   await r_await w_await  svctm  %util
sda               0.00    87.00    7.00  392.00   460.00  2544.00    15.06     0.08    0.22    8.00    0.08   0.12   4.80
dm-0              0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00   0.00   0.00
dm-1              0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00   0.00   0.00
dm-2              0.00     0.00    7.00  478.00   460.00  2536.00    12.35     0.09    0.19    8.00    0.08   0.10   4.80

Device:         rrqm/s   wrqm/s     r/s     w/s    rkB/s    wkB/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz   await r_await w_await  svctm  %util
sda               0.00     0.00   84.00    6.00  3620.00    56.00    81.69     0.82    8.84    9.48    0.00   4.13  37.20
dm-0              0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00   0.00   0.00
dm-1              0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00   0.00   0.00
dm-2              0.00     0.00   85.00    6.00  3692.00    56.00    82.37     0.82    8.75    9.36    0.00   4.09  37.20

Device:         rrqm/s   wrqm/s     r/s     w/s    rkB/s    wkB/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz   await r_await w_await  svctm  %util
sda               0.00     0.00   57.00    3.00  2804.00    52.00    95.20     0.44    7.73    7.79    6.67   4.80  28.80
dm-0              0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00   0.00   0.00
dm-1              0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00   0.00   0.00
dm-2              0.00     0.00   56.00    3.00  2732.00    52.00    94.37     0.44    7.80    7.86    6.67   4.88  28.80

Another snapshot:

Device:         rrqm/s   wrqm/s     r/s     w/s    rkB/s    wkB/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz   await r_await w_await  svctm  %util
sda               0.00    11.00  267.67    5.00 20813.33    97.33   153.38     1.28    4.68    4.70    3.73   3.56  97.07
dm-0              0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00   0.00   0.00
dm-1              0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00   0.00   0.00
dm-2              0.00     0.00  267.67   16.00 20806.67    97.33   147.38     1.28    4.50    4.70    1.17   3.42  97.07

Device:         rrqm/s   wrqm/s     r/s     w/s    rkB/s    wkB/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz   await r_await w_await  svctm  %util
sda               0.00    21.00  221.67    3.00 19089.33   110.67   170.92     1.18    5.26    5.16   12.44   3.95  88.80
dm-0              0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00   0.00   0.00
dm-1              0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00     0.00    0.00    0.00    0.00   0.00   0.00
dm-2              0.00     0.00  221.33   24.00 19061.33   110.67   156.29     1.18    4.82    5.17    1.56   3.62  88.80

EDIT 2:

The output of iostat 1 in order to remove extra information based on read and write:

https://pastebin.com/32WuRSPF

Another result which tps reached around 1000:

https://pastebin.com/mrQdKZZF

  • 1
    Looks like that everything slows down when mongod goes to the disk. How many IOPS your disks can handle? Especially read IOPS and latency. – JJussi Jan 12 '18 at 5:43
  • @JJussi Please see the edit part of the question, I have added iostat output. – ALH Jan 13 '18 at 8:59
  • @JJussi thank you for your time, how can I see that latency? is r_await, what we're looking for? – ALH Jan 13 '18 at 10:25
  • ?_await is average wait time in ms. You could run iostat without x-parameter and watch tps value to see iops. thattommyhall.com/2011/02/18/iops-linux-iostat Strange thing with mongodb is that latency plays a big role and it is hard to measure especially random read latency. Also "how storage is build" plays big role. F.ex. LVM on top of RAID is fast. RAID on top of LVM is slow, at least when both are software base. – JJussi Jan 13 '18 at 12:51
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    No, disk is not bottle neck for direct reads. Have to raise my hands... However, that memory consumption is still little bit mystery. Mongod should use all free memory. – JJussi Jan 15 '18 at 4:13
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High disk readahead could be the reason why physical memory is underutilized. If it's high, for random reads the system might be reading a lot of data MongoDB does not need, thus "polluting" the file system cache. That in return could result in extra page faults.

I suggest making sure your system complies with the Recommended Configuration as per Production Notes.

  • How can I set readahead in MongoDB? Is there a way to set this on MongoDB MMAPV1? – ALH Feb 24 '18 at 8:25
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    RA in my disk server is set to 256, I checked it with blockdev --report command. Is that a high number? Should I lower the value for RA (readahead)? – ALH Feb 24 '18 at 8:30

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