I have pgbouncer running locally with config:

* = host=myremoteIP port=5432 user=postgres
listen_addr = *
listen_port = 6432

When I connect using pgsql using:

psql -h -p 6432 -U postgres -W

I receive an error:

psql: ERROR: pgbouncer cannot connect to server

/var/log/pgbouncer/pgbouncer.log contains the following:

WARNING Cannot listen on unix:/var/run/postgresql/.s.PGSQL.6432: bind(): Permission denied

Disabling the firewall on the local and remote machines still results in the same error.

What configuration am I missing?

  • Checking your permission on /var/run/postgresql/.
    – Luan Huynh
    Commented May 22, 2018 at 9:56
  • @LuanHuynh it was 755. I've changed to 777 and now get: FATAL @src/system.c:113 in function change_file_mode(): chown(/var/run/postgresql/.s.PGSQL.6432, -1, 26) failed: Operation not permitted Commented May 22, 2018 at 10:15
  • Which Linux distro are you using? It might have AppArmor or SELinux
    – Philᵀᴹ
    Commented May 22, 2018 at 10:45
  • Please check how many psql client in your machine. Then, check pidfile param in /etc/pgbouncer/pgbouncer.ini
    – Luan Huynh
    Commented May 22, 2018 at 11:22

1 Answer 1


The error message in the log was a red herring, and due to the configuration for Unix sockets (when I only needed TCP). Disabling Unix sockets by setting the unix_socket_dir to an empty string (as per the documentation) made those errors disappear from the logs.

The connection problem was because I needed to specify the password in the pgbouncer.ini file.

The line:

* = host=myremoteIP port=5432 user=postgres

Needed to be:

* = host=myremoteIP port=5432 user=postgres password=mypassword

I can now connect using psql.

  • This is great for you, but I want to set up UNIX sockets, so in my case the error message is an issue, and I am still searching for an answer of how to get this working.
    – cazort
    Commented Aug 26, 2021 at 19:35

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