The answer is no.
Related advice in the Postgres Wiki.
Don't add a length modifier to
varchar if you don't need it. (Most of the time, you don't.) Just use
text for all character data. Make that
varchar (standard SQL type) without length modifier if you need to stay compatible with RDBMS which don't have
text as generic character string type.
Performance is almost the same,
text is a bit faster in rare situations, and you save the cycles for the check on the length. Related:
If you actually need to enforce a maximum length,
varchar(n) is a valid choice, but I would still consider
text with a
CHECK constraint like:
ALTER TABLE tbl ADD CONSTRAINT tbl_col_len CHECK (length(col) < 51);
You can modify or drop such a constraint at any time without having to mess with the table definition and depending objects (views, functions, foreign keys, ...). And you can enforce other requirements in the (same) constraint.
Length modifiers used to cause problems like this or this or this ...
PostgreSQL 9.1 introduced a new feature to alleviate the pain somewhat. The release notes:
ALTER TABLE ... SET DATA TYPE to avoid table rewrites in
appropriate cases (Noah Misch, Robert Haas)
For example, converting a
varchar column to text no longer requires a
rewrite of the table. However, increasing the length constraint on a
varchar column still requires a table rewrite.
More issues with
varchar(n) have been fixed in later releases.