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I have this multitenancy database let say of hotels. Each hotel Company is a schema in the database and all have same structure and table names.

Now I want to present menus from all available hotels. Basically I want something like

____________________________________________
| schema_name | menu_id | menu_name | cost   |
--------------------------------------------
| hotel_1     | 1       | Ugali     | 4000TZS|
--------------------------------------------
| hotel_2     | 1       | Ugali     | 3500TZS|
--------------------------------------------
| hotel_3     | 1       | Samaki    | 8000TZS|
--------------------------------------------

I can get menu_id, menu_name and cost from menus tables. How do I achieve that (if it is possible at all) ?

SET SEARCH_PATH TO hotel_1, hotel_2, hotel_3 does not work and brings results from only one schema.

  • 1
    You have to write schema names explicitly. select ... from hotel_1.menu union all select ... from hotel_2.menu . search_path is more like path variable in os. – Sahap Asci Jun 27 '18 at 20:51
  • I see. Since we have schemas in the table with query select schema_name from information_schema.schemata WHERE schema_name NOT IN ('public', 'information_schema') AND schema_name NOT LIKE 'pg_%' AND schema_name NOT LIKE 'pg_%' is there a way to combine it will menu without manually adding the schema? The Schema keeps changing and adding them manually can become a problem – Stefano Mtangoo Jun 28 '18 at 8:54
  • After looking about many ways I cannot find another, better way, to do it. Can you write it as an answer so that I can accept it? – Stefano Mtangoo Jun 29 '18 at 10:35
1

The best way is writing your schema names explicitly like below;

select menu_id, menu_name, cost from hotel_1.menus
union all
select menu_id, menu_name, cost from hotel_2.menus
union all
select menu_id, menu_name, cost from hotel_3.menus

On the other hand, you can write a set returning function (or table returning function) and use execute to run dynamic query. Here is a sample set returning function for your case;

CREATE OR REPLACE FUNCTION public.get_all_menus (
  out menu_id integer,
  out menu_name TEXT,
  out cost DECIMAL(10,2)
)
RETURNS SETOF RECORD AS
$$
DECLARE
  l_query TEXT;
BEGIN
  -- Create dynamic query
  SELECT
    array_to_string(array_agg(format('select menu_id, menu_name, cost from %I.%I', n.nspname, c.relname)) , E'\nunion all\n')
  INTO
    l_query
  FROM pg_class c
  JOIN pg_namespace n ON n.oid = c.relnamespace
  WHERE
    c.relkind = 'r' AND
    n.nspname NOT IN ('pg_catalog', 'information_schema') AND
    n.nspname NOT LIKE '^pg_toast' AND 
    c.relname = 'menus';  --the table name which is common for all schemas 

  --run the query by using execute. 
  RETURN QUERY EXECUTE l_query;

END;
$$
LANGUAGE 'plpgsql'
VOLATILE
CALLED ON NULL INPUT
SECURITY INVOKER;

You can use this function as if its a table. The usage is;

select * from get_all_menus();
  • The function adds great stuffs. Is there easy way to return respective schema too? I tried to add 'SELECT id, departure, destination, n.nspnspname from %I.%I', n.nspname, c.relname)...... but I get an error missing FROM-clause entry for table "n" I have the idea of what the error means but I'm struggling to find where to put that FROM clause. I have never done functional Programming with PGS. I did it a lot back in MSSQL Server days – Stefano Mtangoo Jul 2 '18 at 7:51
  • Try format('select %L AS schema_name, %L AS table_name, menu_id, menu_name, cost from %I.%I', n.nspname, c.relname, n.nspname, c.relname) – Sahap Asci Jul 2 '18 at 8:03
  • That works fine. If I may bother you, can you recommend any good resource for learning Functions with Postgresql, especially for one with MSSQL background in Stored Proc/Functions. It can be text or Video. Thank you for great help! – Stefano Mtangoo Jul 2 '18 at 8:11
  • I only use PostgreSQL's documentation which is quite good. You may want to check books list in postgresql.org – Sahap Asci Jul 2 '18 at 8:22

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