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I would like to remove control characters (HEX \x00 until \x7F) from a DB2 data base field. For this I tried to apply the following translate-function:

TRANSLATE(field, 'X',  x'000102030405060708090A0B0C0D0E0F101112131415161718191A1B1C1D1E1F')

It does work for control chracters, but the function also translates question marks, and I don't understand why? Interestingly question marks are not replaced by "X" like the control characters but by a space \x20.

Why does it behave like that?

Original values:

Text View: mhlkm
Hex: 6D 68 6C 6B 6D 3F          
Text View in Hex Viewer: mhlkm?

Translated values:

Text View: mhlkm
Hex: 6D 68 6C 6B 6D 20 
Text View in Hex Viewer: mhlkm 
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    Given that the question is tagged with db2-zos, I presume your character field uses the EBCDIC encoding, in which 0x3F is also a control character, not "?". – mustaccio Jul 18 '18 at 10:55
  • @mustaccio Yes it is EBCDIC. But why is the translate function replacing 0x3F if it is not in the input translation table? – user3193317 Jul 18 '18 at 11:12
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    Those HEX values are ASCII. Can you use the db2-zos HEX() SQL function on the result of the TRANSLATE to help you work out what is going on. I.e. to eliminate any conversion your GUI environment is doing itself – Paul Vernon Jul 18 '18 at 11:50
  • BTW I assume you mean (HEX \x00 until \x1F) not (HEX \x00 until \x7F) – Paul Vernon Jul 18 '18 at 11:52
  • @P.Vernon thanks for the hint, HEX(TRANSLATE(...)) is showing me 92948893929440, and HEX(field) is showing me 92948893929415. Still don't quite understand it yet. 15 = New Line, maybe there is some problem with translating "New Line"? – user3193317 Jul 18 '18 at 12:26
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The "to-string" in your TRANSLATE is a single "X", so only the first character found in "from-string" (X'00' in your case) will be translated to "X". All other characters found in "from-string" will be replace by the "pad" character. You don't specify one, so a blank is used by default. This is why the X'15' at the end of your inut field is translated to X'40', which is an EBCDIC blank.

  • Agreed. They to change 'X' to 'XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX' (of at least the right length) – Paul Vernon Jul 18 '18 at 13:12
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    Or TRANSLATE( input, 'X', X'0102....1F', 'X'). This defines 'X' instead ot blank as the pad character. This way the length of the "from-string" is automatically matched. – phunsoft Jul 18 '18 at 13:31

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