The documentation is not clear about this specific logical replication scenario. It does mention unlogged tables on the publisher's side:
Only persistent base tables can be part of a publication. Temporary tables, unlogged tables, foreign tables, materialized views, regular views, and partitioned tables cannot be part of a publication. To replicate a partitioned table, add the individual partitions to the publication.
In my scenario, the table in the publisher is normal, while the table in the subscriber is unlogged.
Can I do this?