You cannot or should not manipulate files within a store procedure (which is basically the same as an event, but with a schedule) due to scope and security reasons.
MySQL events and stored procedures are supposed to only modify or read data using SQL, and not go outside of the database server responsibilities. If MySQL server could read or execute arbitrary files, that would be considered a vulnerability and would be patched (with the exception of
LOAD DATA or very few other very specific commands). While certain plugins allow accessing or executing arbitrary data, that is considered an exception, and not the normal way of using MySQL.
Normally PHP applications access MySQL as a resource, not the other way round. You may want to setup a UNIX cron or Window task scheduler at your OS to do what you are trying to do (executing PHP code) instead, rather than using the database.