7

I am running a query that is giving the warning about a memory Excessive Grant.

There are too many tables and indexes used, including a complex view, and therefore it is difficult to add all of the definitions here.

I am trying to find what might me causing the Excessive Grant. Can it be conversions?

Looking at the execution plan I can see the following:

<ScalarOperator
  ScalarString="CONVERT(date,[apia_repl_sub].[dbo].[repl_Aupair].[ArrivalDate] as [repl].[ArrivalDate],0)">
  <Convert DataType="date" Style="0" Implicit="false">
    <ScalarOperator>
      <Identifier>
        <ColumnReference Database="[apia_repl_sub]" Schema="[dbo]" Table="[repl_Aupair]" Alias="[repl]" Column="ArrivalDate" />
      </Identifier>
    </ScalarOperator>
  </Convert>
</ScalarOperator>

And this one:

<ScalarOperator ScalarString="CONVERT(date,[JUNOCORE].[dbo].[applicationPlacementInfo].[arrivalDate] as [pi].[arrivalDate],0)">
  <Convert DataType="date" Style="0" Implicit="false">
    <ScalarOperator>
      <Identifier>
        <ColumnReference Database="[JUNOCORE]" Schema="[dbo]" Table="[applicationPlacementInfo]" Alias="[pi]" Column="arrivalDate" />
      </Identifier>
    </ScalarOperator>
  </Convert>
</ScalarOperator>

Here is the query, although you can see the query with the execution plan here too:

DECLARE @arrivalDate DATEtime = '2018-08-20'

SELECT      app.applicantID,
            app.applicationID,
            a.preferredName,
            u.firstname,
            u.lastname,
            u.loginId                       AS emailAddress,
            s.status                        AS statusDescription,
            CAST(repl.arrivalDate AS DATE)  AS arrivalDate,
            app.moodleCourseComplete,
            app.moodleCourseCompleteUpdated,
            u.loginId,
            c.countryName
FROM        app.application                  AS app
JOIN        app.applicant                    AS a    ON a.applicantId = app.applicantId
JOIN        usr.[user]                       AS u    ON u.userId = a.userId
JOIN        app.ref_applicationStatus        AS s    ON s.statusCode = app.status
JOIN        APIA_Repl_Sub.dbo.repl_Aupair    AS repl ON repl.JunoCore_applicationID = app.applicationID

JOIN        app.Country                      AS c    ON c.countryCode = a.nationalityCode
WHERE       repl.arrivalDate = @arrivalDate

UNION ALL

(
    SELECT      app.applicantID,
                app.applicationID,
                app.preferredName,
                app.firstname,
                app.lastname,
                app.emailAddress,
                ap.status,
                CAST(app.arrivalDate AS DATE)    AS arrivalDate,
                app.moodleCourseComplete,
                app.moodleCourseCompleteUpdated,
                app.emailAddress                 AS loginId,
                c.countryName
    FROM        JUNOCore.dbo.vw_SelectApplication    AS app
                INNER JOIN JUNOCore.dbo.country c ON c.countryCode = app.nationalityCode
                INNER JOIN JUNOCore.dbo.application as ap ON ap.applicationID = app.applicationID
    WHERE        arrivalDate    = @arrivalDate AND
                app.applicationID NOT IN (SELECT p4.applicationId FROM APCore.app.application p4)
)

This is how the warning looks like:

Enter image description here

The execution plan is here.

How do I tackle this warning?

As I said before I was looking at conversions. Is there anything I can look for in the execution plan that would indicate the possible causes of this excessive grant?

Obs. I said there are too many objects involved, however, I can add here whatever is required upon request if it might help to tackle this issue. No problem.

10

The most common two types of operators that consume memory are:

  • Sorts
  • Hashes

If a plan is parallel, memory requirements will go up some amount to compensate for exchanges for threads to pass rows through. Parallel plans do not require the entire serial memory grant * DOP (though there may be a relationship between serial required memory and DOP). The full grant is split and (hopefully) used evenly across all threads in the plan.

In some cases, Nested Loops Join may ask for memory as well.

Memory grants are calculated by the optimizer based on the number of rows, and the size of the data that will pass through memory consuming operators. As above, if the plan is parallel, it may ask for more. Another factor is that memory consuming operators can share memory.

For instance, some memory consumed by a sort can be passed to upstream operators after data is sorted, and hashes may pass memory upstream after the initial build phase is complete, and probed rows start moving upstream. This can be observed via the Memory Fraction information.

In your plan, you have three Sort operators.

NUTS

Which, combined, the optimizer thinks it'll need 2 MB of memory to run without spilling to disk. It ends up only needing 24 KB, hence the warning.

Memory grant mis-estimates can come from many places. In your query, you have a single variable: @arrivalDate.

It's not clear if this parameter is within a stored procedure, or if you're calling it locally. In either case, you might try a recompile hint to see if that removes the warning by getting a different cardinality estimate.

If that doesn't work, you may want to try adjusting indexes so that separate sort operations aren't necessary, but that may be more complicated than is worthwhile for such a small amount of memory.

For reference:

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