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I'm looking for a way to automate the encryption of user databases. Ideally this would be a job that can be scheduled to run every night. The job would: find any user database that is not encrypted, create the DEK (if it doesn't exist), and enable TDE. We use the same Certificate/PK for each database on every server (for better or worse). This certificate has been backed up.

I attempted this by creating the following stored procedure. However, it occasionally fails with the following error:

Executed as user: TAC_NT********. Msg 33107, Level 16, State 1, Server *******, Line 2
Cannot enable database encryption because it is already enabled. Msg 5069, Level 16, State 1, Server *********, Line 2 ALTER DATABASE statement failed. Encypting Database: ********* Warning: The certificate used for encrypting the database encryption key has not been backed up. You should immediately back up the certificate and the private key associated with the certificate. If the certificate ever becomes unavailable or if you must restore or attach the database on another server, you must have backups of both the certificate and the private key or you will not be able to open the database.
Encypting Database: *********. Process Exit Code 1. The step failed

The databases do get encrypted, but the job reports failure.

Here's the SP:

CREATE PROC [dbo].[sp_EncryptDBs] AS
BEGIN
    SET ANSI_WARNINGS OFF;
    SET XACT_ABORT, NOCOUNT ON;
/*  Get Databases that are online and have no DEK   */
    SELECT
        db_name(D.database_id) [Database]
    INTO #Databases
    FROM
        sys.databases D
    WHERE
        NOT EXISTS
            (
                SELECT *
                FROM 
                    sys.dm_database_encryption_keys DEK
                WHERE
                    DEK.database_id = D.database_id
            )
        AND db_name(D.database_id) NOT IN
            (
                'Master',
                'model',
                'msdb'
            )
        AND D.state_desc = 'Online'
    WHILE (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM #Databases) > 0
    BEGIN
        DECLARE @Database NVARCHAR(50) = (SELECT TOP 1 [Database] FROM #Databases)
        DECLARE @Command1 NVARCHAR(MAX) = N'
            USE [' + @Database + ']
            CREATE DATABASE ENCRYPTION KEY WITH ALGORITHM = AES_256
            ENCRYPTION BY SERVER CERTIFICATE ********
            '
        DECLARE @Command2 NVARCHAR(MAX) = N'
            ALTER DATABASE [' + @Database + ']
            SET ENCRYPTION ON
        '       
        PRINT 'Encypting Database: ' + @Database;
        EXEC sp_executesql @Command1 ;
        EXEC sp_executesql @Command2 ;
        --PRINT @Command1
        --PRINT @Command2
        DELETE FROM #Databases WHERE [Database] = @Database;
    END
    DROP TABLE #Databases;

/*  Databases that have a DEK but are in an unencypted state    */
    SELECT db_name(database_id) [Database]
    INTO #Databases2
    FROM 
        sys.dm_database_encryption_keys K
    WHERE
        K.encryption_state <> 3
    WHILE (SELECT COUNT(*) FROM #Databases2) > 0
        BEGIN
            DECLARE @Database2 NVARCHAR(50) = (SELECT TOP 1 [Database] FROM #Databases2)
            DECLARE @Command3 NVARCHAR(MAX) = N'
                ALTER DATABASE [' + @Database2 + ']
                SET ENCRYPTION ON
            '   
            PRINT 'Encypting Database: ' + @Database2;
            --PRINT @Command3
            EXEC sp_executesql @Command3;
            DELETE FROM #Databases2 WHERE [Database] = @Database2
        END
        DROP TABLE #Databases2
END
GO
  • 1
    I noticed you are checking K.encryption_state <> 3 (encrypted) to test whether you should enable encryption. Is it possible your failures are occurring because the database is being encrypted (state = 2) when you test the status? – Scott Hodgin Oct 3 '18 at 16:35
  • It's very unlikely they are in state=2. They're small in size and we manually enable tde upon creation. This process is meant as a backup in case we forget. – Casey Oct 5 '18 at 1:20

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