I recently added a global variable in mmy.cnf max_statement_time=120 ; to stop long running queries and to throw an exception. Its working fine. Then I am unable to run mysqldump for backing up all my databases , obviously its true that we have large databases so backing up using mysqldump will take hours since here I have added max_statement_time to 120 seconds only. So how I can pass this as a session variable thru mysqldump to set it to hours just for mysqldump and still global value remains 120 seconds itself. Apparently I am after something like below :

mysqldump --max_statement_time=1000000 -u root -pMYPASS --all-databases > file.sql

Do we have any option there ? I went thru the mysqldump and found that it has --variable-name=value , but its not accepting this. I am using Mariadb 10.2 version.

  • If you create / alter the root user with a large MAX_STATEMENT_TIME does that take precedence over the global variable? Otherwise a creating a feature task of --dump-variable=value seems like sane feature request.
    – danblack
    Nov 30, 2018 at 4:04
  • @danblack Hey could u please tell me how to alter the root user with max_statement_time ? So I could try that.
    – SAGAR Nair
    Nov 30, 2018 at 4:40

2 Answers 2


I believe you should be able to specify a session variable by placing it in a backup.cnf file:


And then using the --defaults-file=backup.cnf parameter to mysqldump.

(You can also place user credentials in that file so that you don't have to show the username and password on the command-line, which is a potential security issue.)

  • The config is not part of the [mysqldump] command line option. But you have to put in the daemon section [mysqld] Jul 14, 2021 at 14:29

I suggest you create a new user just for dumping. Give it SUPER privilege so that it can do what it needs. And also give it unlimited max_execution_time.

Then you don't need an extra parameter in the places you were guessing about.

  • Would u givem me the query to create a backup user as u specified with grant option to have max_execution_time, please.
    – SAGAR Nair
    Nov 30, 2018 at 4:41
  • @SAGARNair - To modify an existing user's MAX_STATEMENT_TIME do ALTER USER testuser@localhost WITH MAX_STATEMENT_TIME 10;. Or alternatively: GRANT USAGE ON *.* TO testuser@localhost WITH MAX_STATEMENT_TIME 10; To create a new user, do: CREATE USER testuser@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'the password' WITH MAX_STATEMENT_TIME 10;
    – dbdemon
    Dec 4, 2018 at 13:50

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