I have been told that for data files backup operate at extent level and for log file, backup operates at page level.
I know that the file type for data file is always "Rows Data" and is stored in the form of extent(Either mixed or uniform extent) whereas logs are stored in the form of Log i.e. VLF(Virtual Log Files).
Can please somebody shed some light on this concept in a bit detailed level as I am a bit puzzled on how backup distinguishes between data and log. If its full backup, it would store all the committed change written to data file, for differential - all changes since last full backup from data file. And for log backup - all changes which is committed however not written to data file.
Appreciate your valuable input on this.