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I am trying to figure out if Postgres' relation and catalog cache are per connection or per server? I did find that plan caches are per connection. It would make sense for the cache to exist for as long as the server is running, but I can't find any documentation on it.

2 Answers 2

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Is catalog and relation cache kept in shared memory or in session memory?

Both.

All relations in PostgreSQL are cached in shared memory up to the limit configured by shared_buffers parameter. This includes also system catalog (pg_class, pg_attribute, etc).

When a session is running, it builds its own internal cache in private memory for many things - including query plans, name-oid mappings etc.

On query level you can review caching effect with EXPLAIN command - see this answer.

On global level you can inspect contents of shared buffers using a standard extension named pg_buffercache.

Also, if we speak about caching you can't ignore the O/S filesystem caching machinery. See this excellent presentation.


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Those caches are per connection. They are not held in shared memory.

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  • It is not possible to share it among connections? Is there any config param?
    – Hadi
    Commented Mar 24, 2019 at 19:15
  • No, no server config to allow that. You can use a connection pooler, which will allow virtual connections to share a real connection, so can get sharing that way.
    – jjanes
    Commented Mar 24, 2019 at 20:21
  • @jjanes But if pg_class lives in shared buffers then we can say it's cached, right?
    – filiprem
    Commented Mar 26, 2019 at 9:34
  • But pg_class is not the catalog cache. It is part of the catalog itself. I guess you could say that whatever pages of it happen to be shared_buffers are cached, but they are just copies of disk pages, not in their parsed form. I was taking "catalog cache" to refer to the specific thing from the source, e.g. src/include/utils/catcache.h
    – jjanes
    Commented Mar 26, 2019 at 12:42
  • @jjanes yup the question was not very clear.... but I assumed the generic meaning of "cache" term, which can mean both shmem AND private set. The code manifested in catcache.h also (indirectly) uses shmem...
    – filiprem
    Commented Mar 29, 2019 at 15:01

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