Consider the following query that unpivots a few handfuls of scalar aggregates:
SELECT A, B FROM ( SELECT MAX(CASE WHEN ID = 1 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) VAL1 , MAX(CASE WHEN ID = 2 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) VAL2 , MAX(CASE WHEN ID = 3 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) VAL3 , MAX(CASE WHEN ID = 4 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) VAL4 , MAX(CASE WHEN ID = 5 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) VAL5 , MAX(CASE WHEN ID = 6 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) VAL6 , MAX(CASE WHEN ID = 7 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) VAL7 , MAX(CASE WHEN ID = 16 THEN 1 ELSE 0 END) VAL16 FROM dbo.PARALLEL_ZONE_REPRO ) q UNPIVOT(B FOR A IN ( VAL1 ,VAL2 ,VAL3 ,VAL4 ,VAL5 ,VAL6 ,VAL7 ,VAL16 )) U OPTION (MAXDOP 4);
On SQL Server 2017, I get a plan with two parallel branches. The left parallel branch feels out of place to me. The optimizer has a guarantee that there will be only a single row output from the global scalar aggregate, yet the parent operator of it is a Distribute Streams with round robin partitioning:
When I execute the query all of the rows go to a single thread as expected. There's no performance problem with this query, but the query reserves 8 parallel threads with MAXDOP set to 4. Again, I feel that this is out of place. It's impossible for both parallel branches to execute at the same time. I want to avoid unnecessary worker thread reservation because I have TF 2467 enabled which changes the scheduling algorithm to look at the number of worker threads per scheduler.
Is it possible to rewrite the query to have exactly one parallel branch that contains the table scan and local aggregate? For example, I would be fine with the general shape below except that I want the nested loop to execute in a serial zone:
For Application Reasons™ I strongly prefer to avoid splitting this query up into parts. If desired, you can view the actual query plan here. If you'd like to play along at home, here is T-SQL to create the table used in the query:
DROP TABLE IF EXISTS dbo.PARALLEL_ZONE_REPRO; CREATE TABLE dbo.PARALLEL_ZONE_REPRO ( ID BIGINT, FILLER VARCHAR(100) ); INSERT INTO dbo.PARALLEL_ZONE_REPRO WITH (TABLOCK) SELECT ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY (SELECT NULL)) % 15 , REPLICATE('Z', 100) FROM master..spt_values t1 CROSS JOIN master..spt_values t2;