I have a mysql 8.0 that I exported using mysqldump. I am trying to import it onto a Mariadb 10.4 database with phpmyadmin, both are the most current versions. Each time I do it though, I get:

Error: Unknown collation utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci

Then I went back into the sql file and replaced utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci with utf8mb4_general_ci, but then it says there are errors with various CREATE VIEW sql statements. Are there any other quick, error free fixes I can try?

  • 3
    The fix(es) would be quicker in coming if you provide the SHOW CREATE VIEW. MySQL 8 has a lot of enhancements that may not transfer to MariaDB. I would recommend utf8mb4_unicode_520_ci as being a compromise between 'general' and '0900'.
    – Rick James
    Sep 17, 2019 at 0:49
  • If the keyword VISIBLE shows up as an error, simply remove it.
    – Rick James
    Sep 17, 2019 at 0:50
  • Another thing to try - may or may not work - is using MariaDB's mysqldump to create the SQL dump file.
    – dbdemon
    Sep 17, 2019 at 10:40
  • Worked for me too @RickJames thank you!
    – Yannis P.
    Sep 19, 2020 at 10:37

1 Answer 1


I've solved my issue by replacing all occurrences of utf8mb4_0900_ai_ci with utf8mb4_general_ci in my SQL dump file.

  • _general_ci is not good to use, it's not very unicode compliant. A better replacement at time of writing would be utf8_unicode_520_ci May 13 at 1:49

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