5

Today I wanted to define a uuid of value 00000000-0000-0000-0000-000000000000. Being a SQL Server man, I'd usually...

select cast(0x0 as uniqueidentifier);

...but I'm in postgres world now so I whipped out a sensible...

select cast('\x00'::bytea as uuid);
ERROR:  cannot cast type bytea to uuid
LINE 1: select cast('\x00'::bytea as uuid);
               ^

Damn! So I head over to the postgres docs on Type Conversion hoping to see a doc like this one to review which datatypes I can cast between by default without needing to create an explicit cast.

sql-server-implicit-explicit-conversion-matrix

If such a chart does exist in the docs, it's well hidden. Google is likewise not super helpful in this regard.

Is there a good documentation reference for default permissible type casts in postgresql?


To be clear, I don't actually care about the uuid

9

You can get a list using the psql client with

\dCS

This will show all casts defined between system data types.

In addition, all types can be cast to and from text using the type input and output functions.

| improve this answer | |
8

As a supplement to Laurenz' post...

From the docs:

\dC[+] [ pattern ]

Lists type casts. If pattern is specified, only casts whose source or target types match the pattern are listed. If + is appended to the command name, each object is listed with its associated description.

\set ECHO_HIDDEN on reveals \dCS+ to be executing...

SELECT pg_catalog.format_type(castsource, NULL) AS "Source type",
       pg_catalog.format_type(casttarget, NULL) AS "Target type",
       CASE WHEN c.castmethod = 'b' THEN '(binary coercible)'
            WHEN c.castmethod = 'i' THEN '(with inout)'
            ELSE p.proname
       END AS "Function",
       CASE WHEN c.castcontext = 'e' THEN 'no'
            WHEN c.castcontext = 'a' THEN 'in assignment'
            ELSE 'yes'
       END AS "Implicit?",
       d.description AS "Description"
FROM pg_catalog.pg_cast c LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_proc p
     ON c.castfunc = p.oid
     LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_type ts
     ON c.castsource = ts.oid
     LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace ns
     ON ns.oid = ts.typnamespace
     LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_type tt
     ON c.casttarget = tt.oid
     LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_namespace nt
     ON nt.oid = tt.typnamespace
     LEFT JOIN pg_catalog.pg_description d
     ON d.classoid = c.tableoid AND d.objoid = c.oid AND d.objsubid = 0
WHERE ( (true  AND pg_catalog.pg_type_is_visible(ts.oid)
) OR (true  AND pg_catalog.pg_type_is_visible(tt.oid)
) )
ORDER BY 1, 2;

...which points us to a few more interesting docs pages.

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