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I would like to insert array of unique uuid values in table with uuid column as primary key. Table structure is

CREATE TABLE Organisation (uuid id PRIMARY KEY DEFAULT uuid_generate_v4());

e.g. I have 2 organisations, so I am trying to implement it with query looks like

INSERT INTO Organisation (uuid) VALUES (unnest(array_fill(uuid_generate_v4()::uuid, ARRAY[2]))) RETURNING uuid as uuid_org;

It fails with

ERROR: duplicate key value violates unique constraint "organisation_pkey"

because query fairly tries to insert two duplicated not-unique values, e.g.

{711ec909-fc2c-45aa-8912-39207788768e,711ec909-fc2c-45aa-8912-39207788768e}

My trick works when RETURNING ids or uuids while inserting in tables with not the only column - I pass the uuid column and query automatically generate unique uuids that I can aggregate (see below for table TimeSlice).

Generally, my idea is to insert simultaneously in several tables using WITH:

WITH ins_ts as (INSERT INTO TimeSlice (validTimeBegin) VALUES 
             (unnest(array_fill('2020-01-02'::datetype, ARRAY[2])))
             RETURNING id as id_ts),
     ins_org AS (INSERT INTO Organisation (uuid) ... ---my fail query ),
INSERT INTO OrganisationTimeSlice (idTimeSlice, uuid, name) 
            VALUES (unnest(array(select array_agg(id_ts) from ins_ts)), 
    (unnest(array(select array_agg(uuid_org) from ins_org))),
                     unnest(array['name1', 'name2']));

Where I am wrong?

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  • Why the array_fill and unnest? Why can't you simply use INSERT INTO Organisation (uuid) VALUES (uuid_generate_v4()), (uuid_generate_v4()) to insert two rows? – a_horse_with_no_name Jan 29 '20 at 13:54
  • @a_horse_with_no_name, I have a variable number of organisations, that I set in ARRAY[number_of_organisations] – Jane Jan 29 '20 at 13:56
  • But the array_fill() thing will always repeat the same value, sounds like a really strange thing to do – a_horse_with_no_name Jan 29 '20 at 14:07
  • I would probably try something like this: dpaste.com/1MZ5JTX – a_horse_with_no_name Jan 29 '20 at 14:10
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    Something like this then maybe? dpaste.com/1A9WH01 I still don't understand what exactly you are trying to achieve. – a_horse_with_no_name Jan 29 '20 at 14:38
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Assuming you don't actually want them in an array, since you are unnesting it right away, here's how to generate a table of any amount of UUIDs:

WITH RECURSIVE genx(n, uu) AS (
  VALUES (1, uuid_generate_v4())
  UNION ALL
  SELECT n + 1, uuid_generate_v4()
  FROM genx WHERE n < 30
) SELECT uu FROM genx;

Change the 30 to as many as you want!

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  • 1
    That can be simplified to select uuid_generate_v4() from generate_series(1,30) – a_horse_with_no_name Jan 29 '20 at 15:17
  • Oh that's neat! Much simpler. – fds Jan 29 '20 at 15:21
  • @a_horse_with_no_name, great! Thank you! I need more experience... If you would like post it as answer I accept it – Jane Jan 29 '20 at 15:22

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