This SQL code returns "a" instead of "asdfg":

CREATE FUNCTION [dbo].[GetPayload2] (@ID int) RETURNS VARCHAR(300) AS
IF @ID = 1
RETURN 'asdfg'
SELECT dbo.GetPayload2(1)

Reproduced on both 15.0.2000.5 and 15.0.2070.41. Works fine in SQL Server 2017. Workaround is to use WITH INLINE = OFF.

EDIT: If you agree it's a bug, vote here please: https://feedback.azure.com/forums/908035-sql-server/suggestions/39190126-sql-server-2019-scalar-functions-with-inline-are-b

EDIT 2: CU2 for MS SQL Server 2019 is solving this issue :-)


Here's where the problem creeps in. The plan contains a Constant Scan defining the output.

CASE WHEN CASE WHEN (1) = (1) THEN (1) ELSE (0) END = (0) THEN '' ELSE CONVERT_IMPLICIT(varchar(1),CASE WHEN (1) = (1) THEN 'asdfg' ELSE NULL END,0) END

Why does it down-cast to varchar(1)? I guess it takes the length of the first string it encounters during optimization (presumably the empty string) with a floor of 1. If I change the fall-through result to return 'yy' the implicit cast becomes varchar(2).

I think the best work-around would be to explicitly cast the result:

RETURN convert(varchar(300), '')

Bizarrely, it's also corrected by this:

declare @x sql_variant;
SELECT @x = dbo.GetPayload2(1);

select Result = @x, Property = SQL_VARIANT_PROPERTY(@x, 'MaxLength');

Result    Property
--------  --------
asdfg     300
  • 1
    Thanks Michael. Do you agree it should guess the lenght out of function definition and not the first string inside function? – jericzech Feb 7 '20 at 11:43
  • Agree 100%. That's where the return type's explicitly stated. Anything else is just guessing. – Michael Green Feb 8 '20 at 5:29

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