It is supported, the recommendation from the docs is:
For a given availability group, all the availability replicas should
run on comparable systems that can handle identical workloads.
Recommendations for Computers That Host Availability Replicas
Having a larger system host a secondary replica would qualify, as both systems can handle the workload. This is really no different than having multiple readable replicas.
In your estimate of read/write split, make sure you understand that even for a synchronous replica the redo of the log is asynchronous, and so the secondary will always be slightly behind the primary. Any read-only query that cannot tolerate this latency must be run against the primary. EG in an application if you write data, and then immediately query data to display to the user, expecting to see the data you just wrote, both queries must hit the primary.
Note that in case of a failure of the secondary, read-only routing will direct all traffic to the primary, which it may not be capable of handling. So if you do this you may want to have reporting workloads connect to the secondary replica directly, instead of through the Availability Group Listener.
Also note that the IO requirements of a secondary are sometimes more than the primary, as the secondary is writing the database through the redo process, while the primary is writing the database through checkpoint/lazy writer.