I have a column named ids that is of type bigint[]. ids cane be null or of any length

It has values based on certain hierarchy.

My use case is I want to update value that is at a particular index. For example ids[2] = 50.

How can I achieve this?

I looked at this https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/functions-array.html#ARRAY-FUNCTIONS-TABLE but couldn't find anything that could help.

Thanks in advance.


Indeed there is no such function, but you can easily write your own:

create function array_set(p_input anyarray, p_index int, p_new_value anyelement)
  returns anyarray
  if p_input is not null then
    p_input[p_index] := p_new_value;
  end if;
  return p_input;
language plpgsql

(If you never need it for anything different than bigint[] then you can replace the anyelement and anyarray with the equivalent types)

Then you can use it like this:

update the_table
  set ids = array_set(ids, 2, 50::bigint)
where ...;
  • Thank you :) That's a pretty elegant approach. – Sarita May 29 '20 at 9:45
  • When used in a function, that approach is more efficient than my answer. – Laurenz Albe May 29 '20 at 10:00
  • There is no need to create function for that, see my answer for details. – Konard Nov 6 '20 at 16:36

You need to use unnest to make a table from the array and array_agg to aggregate it back into an array.

To replace the third element in an array of integer with 42, you could for example use

SELECT array_agg(
          CASE WHEN num = 3
               THEN 42
               ELSE elem
          ORDER BY num
FROM unnest('{1,2,4,5}'::int[]) WITH ORDINALITY AS a(elem, num);

(1 row)

You could write your own function based on that.

WITH ORDINALITY tracks the ordering of the array elements, so that you can identify the currect one, and ORDER BY makes sure that the final aggregate constructs the array in the same order.

  • Thank you so much :). This works. But I wanted to confirm will it change the actual position of the array elements? and how does just ELSE unnest work? Because unnest doesnot have any parameter here. – Sarita May 29 '20 at 9:43
  • 1
    Sorry, that's confusing. ordinality and unnest are the column names that PostgreSQL chooses by default. I have modified the answer to use an explicit alias - maybe that makes things clearer. – Laurenz Albe May 29 '20 at 9:54
create temporary table the_table (
    ids bigint[]

insert into the_table (ids) values
    (array[1, 2]),
    (array[1, 2, 3]);

update the_table
set ids[2] = 50
  ids is not null and
  array_upper(ids, 1) >= 2;
select * from the_table;

enter image description here

Source: https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/arrays.html#ARRAYS-MODIFYING

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