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For some reason synchronous replication does not work (everything works asynchronously)

Master settings:
wal_level = replica
fsync = on
synchronous_commit = on
max_wal_senders = 10
wal_keep_segments = 512
synchronous_standby_names = 'ANY 1 (post122, post124)'

Slave 1 settings:
wal_level = replica
fsync = on
synchronous_commit = on
max_wal_senders = 10
wal_keep_segments = 512
primary_conninfo = 'host=10.128.241.123 port=5432 user=replica application_name=app124'
primary_slot_name = 'slot124'
hot_standby = on

Slave 2 settings:
wal_level = replica
fsync = on
synchronous_commit = on
max_wal_senders = 10
wal_keep_segments = 512
primary_conninfo = 'host=10.128.241.123 port=5432 user=replica application_name=app122'
primary_slot_name = 'slot122'
hot_standby = on

If execute sql statement

SELECT pg_wal_lsn_diff(pg_current_wal_lsn(), s.sent_lsn) AS send_byte_lag, pg_wal_lsn_diff(s.sent_lsn,s.replay_lsn) AS replay_byte_lag, * FROM pg_stat_replication s;

you can see that sync_state = async for all nodes.

+-----------------+-------------------+-------+------------+--------------------+----------------------+------------------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+----------------+-------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+-------------------+-------------------+--------------------+-----------------+--------------+--------------------------------+
| "SEND_BYTE_LAG" | "REPLAY_BYTE_LAG" | "PID" | "USESYSID" |     "USENAME"      |  "APPLICATION_NAME"  |  "CLIENT_ADDR"   | "CLIENT_HOSTNAME" | "CLIENT_PORT" |        "BACKEND_START"         | "BACKEND_XMIN" |   "STATE"   |   "SENT_LSN"   |  "WRITE_LSN"   |  "FLUSH_LSN"   |  "REPLAY_LSN"  |    "WRITE_LAG"    |    "FLUSH_LAG"    |    "REPLAY_LAG"    | "SYNC_PRIORITY" | "SYNC_STATE" |          "REPLY_TIME"          |
+-----------------+-------------------+-------+------------+--------------------+----------------------+------------------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+----------------+-------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+-------------------+-------------------+--------------------+-----------------+--------------+--------------------------------+
|                 |                   |       |            |                    |                      |                  |                   |               |                                |                |             |                |                |                |                |                   |                   |                    |                 |              |                                |
| "0"             | "0"               | 14914 | 69296      | "replica"          | "walreceiver"        | "10.128.241.122" | NULL              | 60010         | "2020-07-27 11:49:35.202751+03 | NULL           | "streaming" | "BA5/D20002D0" | "BA5/D20002D0" | "BA5/D20002D0" | "BA5/D20002D0" | NULL              | NULL              | NULL               | 0               | "async"      | "2020-08-11 11:05:22.398199+03 |
|                 |                   |       |            |                    |                      |                  |                   |               |                                |                |             |                |                |                |                |                   |                   |                    |                 |              |                                |
| "0"             | "0"               | 14913 | 69296      | "replica"          | "walreceiver"        | "10.128.241.124" | NULL              | 47916         | "2020-07-27 11:49:35.202262+03 | NULL           | "streaming" | "BA5/D20002D0" | "BA5/D20002D0" | "BA5/D20002D0" | "BA5/D20002D0" | NULL              | NULL              | NULL               | 0               | "async"      | "2020-08-11 11:05:21.838096+03 |
|                 |                   |       |            |                    |                      |                  |                   |               |                                |                |             |                |                |                |                |                   |                   |                    |                 |              |                                |
| "0"             | NULL              | 14952 | 85885      | "streaming_barman" | "barman_receive_wal" | "10.128.241.223" | NULL              | 53304         | "2020-07-27 11:50:01.795733+03 | NULL           | "streaming" | "BA5/D20002D0" | "BA5/D20002D0" | "BA5/D2000000" | NULL           | "00:00:07.658259" | "65:31:39.378476" | "359:15:13.971633" | 0               | "async"      | "2020-08-11 11:05:15.781336+03 |
+-----------------+-------------------+-------+------------+--------------------+----------------------+------------------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+----------------+-------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+-------------------+-------------------+--------------------+-----------------+--------------+--------------------------------+

And such a moment is also suspicious, in the slave settings application_name = app124 is specified and in select application_name = walreceiver as if application_name is not recognized.

What can be done to make synchronous replication work?

7
  • You want synchronous_commit = remote_apply in the configuration of the primary postgresql.org/docs/current/… – a_horse_with_no_name Aug 11 '20 at 9:40
  • I don't understand. It's question? I want synchronous replication. The documentation indicates several levels of synchrony and according to my logic, synchronous replication should work with any value of synchronous_commit. Just synchronous_commit = remote_apply should be faster than ON. Isn't it? – MinistrBob Aug 11 '20 at 9:54
  • "I want synchronous replication." - then you have to use remote_apply or remote_write as described in the link from my comment and description in the chapter Synchronous Replication – a_horse_with_no_name Aug 11 '20 at 9:59
  • I'll try it now on the server, but I still don't understand why it doesn't work with ON. Because the documentation, just below "26.2.8.1. Basic Configuration" says that "synchronous_commit must also be set to on, but since this is the default value, typically no change is required." – MinistrBob Aug 11 '20 at 10:15
  • @a_horse_with_no_name synchronous_commit = on is enough for synchronous replication. – Laurenz Albe Aug 11 '20 at 10:49
0

That seems to be a typo.

You used application_name=app124 and application_name=app122 in primary_conninfo on the standbys, but synchronous_standby_names = 'ANY 1 (post122, post124)'.

0

I done it :)

  1. There was a typo. Thank @LaurenzAlbe. Synchronous_standby_names on master used application_name (post122, post124) and slave used primary_conninfo (app122, app124). Made on master synchronous_standby_names = 'FIRST 1 (app124, app122, barman_receive_wal)'

But it didn't help because

  1. Postgresql.auto.conf had another primary_conninfo on both slaves. Removed through ALTER SYSTEM RESET ALL

Synchronous replication is working.

Now such settings (synchronous_commit decided to set to remote_write)

Master:
wal_level = replica
fsync = on
synchronous_commit = remote_write
max_wal_senders = 10
wal_keep_segments = 512
synchronous_standby_names = 'FIRST 1 (app124, app122, barman_receive_wal)'

Slave 1:
wal_level = replica
fsync = on
synchronous_commit = remote_write
max_wal_senders = 10
wal_keep_segments = 512
primary_conninfo = 'host=10.128.241.123 port=5432 user=replica application_name=app124'
primary_slot_name = 'slot124'
hot_standby = on

Slave 2:
wal_level = replica
fsync = on
synchronous_commit = remote_write
max_wal_senders = 10
wal_keep_segments = 512
primary_conninfo = 'host=10.128.241.123 port=5432 user=replica application_name=app122'
primary_slot_name = 'slot122'
hot_standby = on

Thank to all!

+-----------------+-------------------+-------+------------+--------------------+----------------------+------------------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+----------------+-------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+------------------+------------------+-------------------+-----------------+--------------+--------------------------------+
| "SEND_BYTE_LAG" | "REPLAY_BYTE_LAG" | "PID" | "USESYSID" |     "USENAME"      |  "APPLICATION_NAME"  |  "CLIENT_ADDR"   | "CLIENT_HOSTNAME" | "CLIENT_PORT" |        "BACKEND_START"         | "BACKEND_XMIN" |   "STATE"   |   "SENT_LSN"   |  "WRITE_LSN"   |  "FLUSH_LSN"   |  "REPLAY_LSN"  |   "WRITE_LAG"    |   "FLUSH_LAG"    |   "REPLAY_LAG"    | "SYNC_PRIORITY" | "SYNC_STATE" |          "REPLY_TIME"          |
+-----------------+-------------------+-------+------------+--------------------+----------------------+------------------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+----------------+-------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+------------------+------------------+-------------------+-----------------+--------------+--------------------------------+
|                 |                   |       |            |                    |                      |                  |                   |               |                                |                |             |                |                |                |                |                  |                  |                   |                 |              |                                |
| "0"             | "0"               | 38269 | 69296      | "replica"          | "app124"             | "10.128.241.124" | NULL              | 46536         | "2020-08-11 15:39:26.610345+03 | NULL           | "streaming" | "BA5/D7010708" | "BA5/D7010708" | "BA5/D7010708" | "BA5/D7010708" | NULL             | NULL             | NULL              | 1               | "sync"       | "2020-08-11 15:57:01.972806+03 |
|                 |                   |       |            |                    |                      |                  |                   |               |                                |                |             |                |                |                |                |                  |                  |                   |                 |              |                                |
| "0"             | "0"               | 38270 | 69296      | "replica"          | "app122"             | "10.128.241.122" | NULL              | 58578         | "2020-08-11 15:39:26.626625+03 | NULL           | "streaming" | "BA5/D7010708" | "BA5/D7010708" | "BA5/D7010708" | "BA5/D7010708" | NULL             | NULL             | NULL              | 2               | "potential"  | "2020-08-11 15:57:01.97172+03" |
|                 |                   |       |            |                    |                      |                  |                   |               |                                |                |             |                |                |                |                |                  |                  |                   |                 |              |                                |
| "0"             | NULL              | 38311 | 85885      | "streaming_barman" | "barman_receive_wal" | "10.128.241.223" | NULL              | 50770         | "2020-08-11 15:40:02.10472+03" | NULL           | "streaming" | "BA5/D7010708" | "BA5/D7010708" | "BA5/D7010708" | NULL           | "00:00:00.00168" | "00:00:00.00168" | "00:16:59.671909" | 3               | "potential"  | "2020-08-11 15:57:01.789078+03 |
+-----------------+-------------------+-------+------------+--------------------+----------------------+------------------+-------------------+---------------+--------------------------------+----------------+-------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+----------------+------------------+------------------+-------------------+-----------------+--------------+--------------------------------+

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