You need the
pgstattuple extension to get the amount of free space.
So you could run
SELECT t.oid::regclass AS table_name,
s.table_len AS size,
dead_tuple_len + s.approx_free_space AS reclaimable
FROM pg_class AS t
CROSS JOIN LATERAL pgstattuple_approx(t.oid) AS s
WHERE t.relkind = 'r'
ORDER BY (s.dead_tuple_len::float8 + s.approx_free_space::float8)
/ (s.table_len::float8 + 1.0) DESC;
reclaimable are in bytes.
Be warned that this query is somewhat expensive.
That should give a pretty good estimate of the space that can be reclaimed, but in practice it will be slightly less, because
there is always some free space in each 8kB block that is too small to fit another row
some of the dead tuples might not be reclaimable if you have long running transactions