Have two partitioned tables (32 partitions / 16 files / 8 file groups). First table with 56 columns and Second table with 5 columns. One of requirment of application is to test procedures for future workload. I did it in Jmeter application. Put all procedures in one transaction controller:

  1. GetSomeDataFromNonPartitioneTable1
  2. GetSomeDataFromNonPartitioneTable2
  3. InsertNewTransaction (insert new row in two partitioned tables)
  4. GetOneRecordFromPartitionedTable
  5. UpdatePartitionedTable

At the beggining of the test (0 rows in paritioned tables) got performance around 1300 operations per second ("one operation" means above set of procedures running one after the other). I tried same test (with same number of virtual users) when got around 4 000 000 of records in partitioned tables (4 000 000 per table). Get performance around 1050 operations per second. Going deeper I have got average response times:

1 test (0 rows in partitoned table)

  1. GetSomeDataFromNonPartitioneTable1 - 22 ms
  2. GetSomeDataFromNonPartitioneTable2 - 22 ms
  3. InsertNewTransaction (insert new row in two partitioned tables) - 160 ms
  4. GetOneRecordFromPartitionedTable - 22 ms
  5. UpdatePartitionedTables- 136 ms

2 test (around 4 000 000 rows in partitoned tables)

  1. GetSomeDataFromNonPartitioneTable1 - 25 ms
  2. GetSomeDataFromNonPartitioneTable2 - 25 ms
  3. InsertNewTransaction (insert new row in two partitioned tables) - 217 ms
  4. GetOneRecordFromPartitionedTable - 23 ms
  5. UpdatePartitionedTables - 177 ms

My questions:

  1. Why bigger table decrease performance so much ?
  2. What can I do to avoid it ? Bigger partitioned table got 2 non clustered indexes and cluster index, and smaller got only cluster index.

1 Answer 1


Assuming you're using Microsoft SQL Server (as your tag implies), if you're using JMeter, ensure your tests run directly on SQL Server and don't involve any middleman that can affect results. I'm not personally familiar with JMeter but the biggest difference you have between your two tests is about 57 milliseconds which is little enough to be affected by any possible variable in your process.

Although the difference between your two InsertNewTransaction tests is about a 35% difference, it's still only 57 milliseconds, which is very small. It can even be just the difference of a single run of one test vs it's second run, or more outside factors like temporary hardware blips. You'd have to run a large number of instances of each test to average and really compare when you're dealing with such granular time measurements.

That being said, some general advise is as follows:

  1. INSERTS take longer when there are more indexes on a Table. So when applicable, reducing the number of low-use or unused indexes can help your INSERT performance.

  2. Partitioning isn't meant to improve performance from a SELECT or INSERT perspective. Rather it helps with better granularity on maintaining the data, and can be used smartly to improve maintenance tasks performance (such as index maintenance).

  3. If the table with 56 columns is being slow, then normalizing it, if possible, can help your INSERT performance (especially if you're not always inserting data for all 56 fields) and can help your SELECT performance.

  4. If you need further performance critical changes, you can look into if Memory-Optimized Tables fit your use cases.

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service and acknowledge you have read our privacy policy.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.