Long time reader but first post!
I am designing a database that requires me to be able to calculate the inventory available for a perishable good on any given day. In my case, it is for a farm. Farmers can add inventory updates for any present or future date (today I have 4 available, tomorrow I have 5 more available). Farmers also set how long their inventory lasts before it expires (this is per farm, not per item). Order items inventory purchased (order items) must be a part of an order that has a fulfillment date before the inventory expires. The inventory cannot be purchased for a fulfillment date after its expiration. More inventory cannot be purchased than is available.
Currently, I have a job that runs every night that removes expired inventory (inserts it into inventory_expired), by calculating the total amount of inventory that expires today or previously and subtracts the quantity in orders placed and the inventory that was already expired. I feel like this isn't the right way to go about it. My approach lets me accurately calculate the inventory up until the current day, and in the past accurately, but can't calculate future inventory properly, because the future date doesn't know what inventory has expired.
Maybe I am making this too complicated. Is there a better way to structure what I am trying to do? Or is there a function I can write that would be able to calculate the available inventory from my current design?
Here is what is relevant out of my current tables:
CREATE TABLE organizations ( id int NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY(id) ); CREATE TABLE farms ( id int NOT NULL, organization_id int NOT NULL, inventory_expiration_days int NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY(id), FOREIGN KEY (organization_id) REFERENCES organizations (id) ); CREATE TABLE inventory ( id int NOT NULL, organization_id int NOT NULL, farm_id int NOT NULL, primary key(id), FOREIGN KEY (organization_id) REFERENCES organizations (id), FOREIGN KEY (farm_id) REFERENCES farms (id) ); CREATE TABLE inventory_updates ( id int NOT NULL, date date NOT NULL, inventory_id int NOT NULL, quantity_added int, quantity_removed int, FOREIGN KEY(inventory_id) REFERENCES inventory (id) ); CREATE TABLE inventory_expired ( id int NOT NULL, inventory_id int NOT NULL, date date NOT NULL, quantity_expired int NOT NULL, FOREIGN KEY(inventory_id) REFERENCES inventory (id) ); CREATE TABLE orders ( id int NOT NULL, fulfillment_date date NOT NULL, seller_org_id int NOT NULL, primary key(id), FOREIGN KEY(seller_org_id) REFERENCES organizations (id) ); CREATE TABLE order_item ( id int NOT NULL, order_id int not null, inventory_id int NOT NULL, quantity int NOT NULL, FOREIGN KEY(inventory_id) REFERENCES inventory (id), FOREIGN KEY(order_id) REFERENCES orders(id) );
And here is my current function, which works for calculating inventory for dates up to today but not in the future. I put a hard coded date in (2021-02-21) for now.
SELECT t.inventory_id, COALESCE(t.total_quantity, 0) as total_quantity, COALESCE(exp.quantity_expired_previously, 0) quantity_previously_expired, COALESCE(sold.quantity_sold, 0) as quantity_sold, COALESCE(t.total_quantity, 0) - COALESCE(exp.quantity_expired_previously, 0) - COALESCE(sold.quantity_sold, 0) as quantity_available FROM (SELECT u2.inventory_id as inventory_id, SUM(COALESCE(u2.quantity_added, 0) - coalesce(u2.quantity_removed, 0)) as total_quantity FROM inventory_updates u2 LEFT JOIN inventory i2 on i2.id = u2.inventory_id LEFT JOIN farms f2 on f2.organization_id = i2.organization_id WHERE u2.date <= ('2021-02-21'::date) GROUP BY u2.inventory_id) t LEFT JOIN ( SELECT e.inventory_id, COALESCE(SUM(e.quantity_expired), 0) as quantity_expired_previously FROM inventory_expired e WHERE e.date <= ('2021-02-21'::date) GROUP BY e.inventory_id ) exp on exp.inventory_id = t.inventory_id LEFT JOIN ( SELECT i.inventory_id, SUM(i.quantity) as quantity_sold FROM order_item i LEFT JOIN orders o on o.id = i.order_id LEFT JOIN farms f on f.organization_id = o.seller_org_id WHERE o.fulfillment_date < ('2021-02-21'::date + (f.inventory_expiration_days * interval '1 day')) GROUP BY i.inventory_id ) sold on sold.inventory_id = t.inventory_id
I was wondering if some sort of union on all of the updates that occur to the inventory quantities could work better, but also think I am going to run into problems when I have lots of rows, and any sort of sum over everything is going to take a long time. Basically, I am pretty stuck.