No straightforward way.
You could write code to perform
SHOW PROCESSLIST every minute, ignore system actions that run 'forever', locate only "alter/update" commands (but not scripts), check the "Time", and issue "kill pid".
If this is a team effort, I would (instead) implement a review process for every "alter/update script" to try to fix scripts before attempting them.
Keep in mind that killing a command after 10 minutes:
- Wasted some resources for 10 minutes.
- May have to spend more than 10 minutes in
ROLLBACK (in the case of
UPDATE), again wasting resources.
- And the desired task is still left to be done.