I'm using a postgres database created by a script (Osm2pgsql). It has created some fields with the type _text for two dimensional arrays of text. I'm trying to understand why it didn't just create a text[][] field, and why this type exists in postgres.

I can find this link in the docs which says:

When you define a new base type, PostgreSQL automatically provides support for arrays of that type. The array type typically has the same name as the base type with the underscore character (_) prepended.

But I don't understand why it is using this "underscored" type name when text is a built in type of postgres?

1 Answer 1


_text and text[] are interchangeable in PostgreSQL. Also text[][] is the same data type.

To make things clearer: type[] means "the array type whose elements are of type type", and the actual name of that type is _type. The reason for that choice of name is that when a type is created, an associated array type is created as well. The name of that internal array type is determined by calling the C function makeArrayTypeName with the type name as argument. This in turn calls makeUniqueTypeName, whose code comment describes what it does:

 * makeUniqueTypeName
 *      Generate a unique name for a prospective new type
 * Given a typeName, return a new palloc'ed name by prepending underscores
 * until a non-conflicting name results.
 * If tryOriginal, first try with zero underscores.

In principle, there would be no problem in renaming _type to something else, but PostgreSQL forbids that in order to avoid confusion.

  • Thanks for your answer! I find it confusing that they have two notations for arrays. I'm guessing this is for historical reasons?
    – Eoin
    Feb 12, 2022 at 7:52
  • 2
    No, I'd say for technical reasons. Each type must have a name, and choosing type[] as the name would require double quotes around it and may lead to interesting confusion between type[] and "type[]". Feb 12, 2022 at 10:25

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