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I have two tables:

definition (7,000 rows):
+--------------+----------+
| definitionId | nameRef  |
+--------------+----------+
|            1 | [1]      |
|            2 | [1,2]    |
+--------------+----------+


name (millions of rows):
+------------+----------+
| nameId     | name     |
+------------+----------+
|          1 | Maria    |
|          2 | John     |
+------------+----------+

nameRef is a JSON column, indexed using:

CREATE INDEX nameRef ON definition ( ( CAST( nameRef AS UNSIGNED ARRAY ) ) );

I'd like to be able to JOIN these tables based on the nameRef, e.g.

SELECT *
FROM definition
JOIN name
ON name.nameId MEMBER OF( definition.nameRef )

OR

SELECT * FROM definition JOIN forename ON name.nameId = JSON_EXTRACT( definition.nameRef, '$[0]' )

However both of these are very slow, as they do not use an index.

Is it possible to make this JOIN using an index?

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    I tested this but I can't make it use the index either. It will use the index if the query searches for a constant expression, but not if the left argument of MEMBER OF is a column identifier. I wonder if it is simply not implemented. I can't find this restriction in the documentation of the MySQL bug database. Commented Apr 11, 2022 at 14:14
  • 1
    Regardless, I would not use JSON for this task. Instead, I would create a third table to represent the many-to-many relationship between definitions and names, with one row per pairing of definitionId and nameId. That is the normal way to store many-to-many data. Commented Apr 11, 2022 at 14:16
  • Thanks for your help BillKarwin @Ergest Basha. Commented Apr 11, 2022 at 20:11
  • both of these are very slow, as they do not use an index. You need in name (nameId) index primarily... but if the query selects more than 5-7% of rows from name then direct tables scanning is more efffective than index usage. If you want you may try to force the indices usage with according index hints.
    – Akina
    Commented Apr 12, 2022 at 4:33
  • Suggestion by @ErgestBasha is only possible with single-dimension JSON objects; not arrays. Commented Apr 19, 2022 at 20:43

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