I've to do fuzzy search on multiple fields (in an attempt to create something like autocomplete similar to product search in amazon). I tried this through ElasticSearch but was wondering if there's something equivalent to it in postgreSQL.

Here's sample code for elasticsearch: (both the fields, title and description, are index as type: text)

GET index_name/_search
    "query": {
          "bool": {
                "must": [
                           "multi_match": {
                                 fields: ["description", "title"],
                                 query: "postgres",
                                 fuzziness: 1

I've tried the same using pg_tram in postgreSQL, it worked for one field with similarity() (% operator) but I don't know how to extend this on multiple fields.

This is what I did in postgreSQL, not sure if it's good way though:

select * from table t
   where similarity("title", "postgres") > 0.5;
select * from table t
   where similarity("title", "postgres") > 0.5 OR similarity("description", "postgres") > 0.5;

Also is there any way to introduce fuzziness in ts_vector (FTS) query ?
Will appreciate any help/guidance in this context.
P.S: let me know if my description is missing something.

Thanks :)

  • 1
    You have to write it with %. Written using the function call form, it will not use the index
    – jjanes
    May 18, 2022 at 21:02
  • Thanks @jjanes I'll make sure to use the operator instead.
    – cicada_
    May 19, 2022 at 18:06

1 Answer 1


You could use the word similarity operator <%:

WHERE 'postgres' <% concat(title, ' ', description);

To speed that up, you can create a GIN index on that expression:

CREATE INDEX ON tab USING gin (concat(title, ' ', description) gin_trgm_ops);

You can adjust the parameter pg_trgm.word_similarity_threshold to get the desired sensitivity.

  • Thanks for your answer. Just one more doubt let's say if this fuzzy search is on fields from separate tables then would it be better to create a Materialized view on union of those fields (from separate tables) and create an index on the new field in this view ?
    – cicada_
    May 19, 2022 at 18:05
  • No, then you should query each table separately and perhaps union the results. May 19, 2022 at 19:11

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