I am looking at list of SQL keywords here https://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/sql-keywords-appendix.html

There are some single letter keywords there. I cannot find any information about them. Where can I find the information and what are these for?

Examples, A, C, F, G, K, M, P, T.

1 Answer 1


Checking my copy (of a draft) of the SQL standard (version 2011), I see that K, M, G, T, P are mentioned in section 5.2 <token> and <separator>:

<large object length token> ::=
  <digit>... <multiplier>

<multiplier> ::=
  | M 
  | G
  | T
  | P

and they obviously mean Kilo, Mega, Giga, Tera, Peta. They are explained in section 6.1 <data type>, Syntax Rules 9:

9) The numeric value of a <large object length> LOL is determined as follows.  
    a)  If LOL immediately contains <unsigned integer> and does not immediately 
    contain <multiplier>, then the numeric value of <large object length> is the
    numeric value of the specified <unsigned integer>.  
    b)  If LOL immediately contains <large object length token> or immediately 
    contains <unsigned integer> and <multiplier>, then let D be the value of
    the specified <unsigned integer> or the numeric value of the sequence of 
    <digit>s of <large object length token> interpreted as an <unsigned integer>. 
    The numeric value of LOL is the numeric value resulting from the 
    multiplication of D and MS, where MS is:  
        i) If <multiplier> is K, then 1,024.  
        ii) If <multiplier> is M, then 1,048,576.  
        iii) If <multiplier> is G, then 1,073,741,824.  
        iv) If <multiplier> is T, then 1,099,511,627,776.  
        v) If <multiplier> is P, then 1,125,899,906,842,624.

C and M are mentioned in 10.2 <language clause>:

<language clause> ::=
  LANGUAGE <language name>

<language name> ::=
  | C
  | M | MUMPS
  | PLI
  | SQL

I haven't found A. It might have been in older versions of the SQL standard and then removed or might have been added in later versions.


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