I have a jsonb column in a table with the following model:

  "framework": {
    "name": "framework name",
    "sections": [
        "controls": [
            "name": "control name",
            "accounts": [
                "rules": [
                    "id": 841,
                    "name": "rule name",
                    "entities": [
                        "id": "entity id",

I have a query that requires traversing the above-nested structure and perform filter based on specific values. For that purpose I have used cross join lateral multiple times on the extracted values of the jsonb_array_elements() function. Following is the sample sql query.

    r.rule_sets_id AS ruleSetId,
    ARRAY_AGG(distinct CAST(account->>'accountId' AS text)) AS accountIdsInJsonArray,
    COUNT(distinct control ->> 'name') AS enabledControls,
    COUNT(distinct rule ->> 'id') AS enabledRules
FROM reports r
CROSS JOIN LATERAL jsonb_array_elements(result->'framework'->'sections') AS section
CROSS JOIN LATERAL jsonb_array_elements(section->'controls') AS control
CROSS JOIN LATERAL jsonb_array_elements(control->'accounts') AS account
CROSS JOIN LATERAL jsonb_array_elements(account->'rules') AS rule
CROSS JOIN LATERAL jsonb_array_elements(rule->'entities') AS entity
    SELECT rule_sets_id, max(modified_on) modified_on
    FROM reports
    WHERE workspace_id = :workspaceId
    AND status = 'COMPLETED'
    GROUP BY rule_sets_id
) r1 ON r.modified_on = r1.modified_on AND r.rule_sets_id = r1.rule_sets_id
WHERE r.workspace_id = :workspaceId AND r.status = 'COMPLETED' 
and account ->> 'accountId' in ('123456789012') 
and account ->> 'dataSource' in ('AWS')
GROUP BY r.rule_sets_id;

Now for the above query I want to enhance the performance of the same by creating required indexes for the jsonb column. Also, there is currently index on columns workspace_id, status, rule_sets_id on the table reports.

Following is the link where I have shared the explain analyze output of the above sql query: https://explain.dalibo.com/plan/66139bc286gbh19c

What can I do to improve performance?

  • 1
    "What can I do to improve performance?" - Normalize the JSON into real columns in the database so they can be indexed properly, FWIW.
    – J.D.
    Commented Jun 29, 2023 at 12:06
  • It is already very fast. How much faster do you need it to be?
    – jjanes
    Commented Jun 29, 2023 at 13:32
  • Are all account->>'accountId' guaranteed to be unique for every control ->> 'name'? If so you can remove the DISTINCT from the aggregates and instead aggregate on two levels. Same for rule ->> 'id' are there always unique values in different accounts? Commented Jun 29, 2023 at 15:47
  • Have a look at the @> operator. Commented Jun 30, 2023 at 5:01


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