I am looking for result 0123.56 and the following query should have worked.

SQL> select to_number(123.56,'0999.99') from dual;
select to_number(123.56,'0999.99') from dual
ERROR at line 1:
ORA-01722: invalid number


But it doesn't. What am I doing wrong here?

1 Answer 1


It looks like you are trying to convert a number to a number - try to_char instead:

select to_char(123.56,'0999.99') from dual;


Note that in contrast, select to_number('0123.56','0999.99') from dual; will succeed because the format specification matches, but will not return the text 0123.56 as you want - the '0999.99' in this case is an input format, not an output format - the number 123.56 will be returned.

  • 1
    to_char worked! Strange though. Why does to_number not work this way?
    – Lazer
    Aug 24, 2011 at 17:20
  • 4
    The result you are after is 0123.56, which is not a number (it is a string/char/varchar/text/whatever). to_number converts a text type (or a binary_double) to a number. It is best to try and separate in your mind the concept of a number and the various ways you can present that number visually (eg leading zeros, comma thousand seperators etc) - the visual representation is not a number, it is text. Aug 24, 2011 at 17:34
  • The problem with this solution, is that it left-justifies the result column, since it is now a character column. :-( Apr 21, 2016 at 12:59
  • 2
    @cartbeforehorse try to_char(123.56,'fm0999.99'), or perhaps you want to space pad on the left? Apr 21, 2016 at 21:41
  • @JackDouglas Actually, further investigation shows that it was the client-end software that was doing funny things with formatting. Different clients manage "text-which-is-really-a-number" in different ways. But your reference to the fm mask is a useful one all the same - thanks. Good call. Apr 22, 2016 at 8:50

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