7

Setting cmptlevel to 80 on a SQL-Server 2005 inhibits the use of PIVOT and APPLY, but doesn't affect the use of Analytical Functions. Is there any rational behind this?

5

Some rationale I've observed, but this isn't exhaustive and is my guesswork

Compatibility Level isn't an all-or-nothing thing. It provides partial backwards compatibility while you fix issues.

A trival example with LOCK hints

FROM
   Table (NOLOCK)   -- not allowed with level 90+

and

FROM
   Table WITH (NOLOCK)   -- WITH is optional for level 80

Why this is now mandatory, I don't know. To do with CTEs?

For PIVOT and APPLY I suspect that a SQL statement using these is simply illegal SQL Server 2000 syntax whereas ROW_NUMBER is just an unknown function and "less" critical

An example using CROSS APPLY. For 80 this is illegal SQL Server 2000 syntax.

FROM
   SomeTable S
   CROSS APPLY --or JOIN
   dbo.someTVF (S.column)

There are many questions on SO about errors because of lower levels in newer versions for you to review and hopefully get an understanding

FYI, full list of 80-90 and 90-100 differences

5

MSDN ALTER DATABASE Compatibility Level explains the behavior of the various levels. (just scroll down and you will find the comparison tables for the following topics )

you can find more specific comparison tables if you just change the Version from MSDN top menu (they are linked for top 3 versions in following list)

  • 80 = SQL Server 2000
  • 90 = SQL Server 2005
  • 100 = SQL Server 2008 and R2
  • 110 = SQL Server 2012
  • 120 = SQL Server 2014

  • Differences Between Lower Compatibility Levels and Level 120

    • sample line (The older query optimizer is used instead of new SQL Server 2014 engine which includes substantial improvements to the component that creates and optimized query plans )
  • Differences Between Lower Compatibility Levels and Level 110

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