We have a 3 node MariaDB Galera cluster.

All nodes are identical and the config on each is identical. They have 64GB of RAM each.

The output of the following query is 28:

(SELECT SUM(data_length+index_length) Total_InnoDB_Bytes
FROM information_schema.tables WHERE engine='InnoDB') A;

Our database is growing quite quickly and the machines are dedicated so innodb_buffer_pool_size is now set to 56G. Originally it was set to 256M, we just increased it this morning (the cluster was only set up a couple of days ago).

My question is why is the amount of RAM used on each machine so drasticly different, see the graph below. When we changed innodb_buffer_pool_size to 56G (and did a rolling-restart) they all jumped up by around the same amount (in real terms, not proportionally), but as you can see are clearly still quite different. Can anybody shed some light on why?


Physical Memory Used in DB Machines

  • I don't have enough rep yet to create tags, but wouldn't galera be a suitable tag for this site? I'm surprised it's not already there. Apr 15, 2014 at 9:34
  • One of the team has suggested that given the servers have only been running a couple of days, we might expect them to converge over the next week or two? Maybe Dalmatian did more intensive queries on average than the other two? Would that seem sensible? @Colin 't Hart thanks for the tag. Apr 15, 2014 at 11:12
  • Just in case anyone is looking at this, I can confirm that over time they all converged and now run with the same memory usage +/- a couple of percentage points. Jun 12, 2014 at 9:32

1 Answer 1


The InnoDB buffer pool caches queries; if you have less usage on one of the nodes then you're going to have less cache used.

If you're not properly load-balancing queries then the amount of cache in use on each node would be different. If you just turned on a node and added it to the cluster the amount of cache would be different than the others one that have been long running.

It doesn't matter if you use Galera in this case as this is a specific InnoDB question; sure you could be using Galera, but it has nothing to do with this caching question you've asked.

  • Individual page loads/cli scripts are load balanced, but when the cluster had not been running for long some major cli scripts had happened to hit the same server repeatably. Over the time since then we they have all come in line. Thanks for your explanation though. Oct 23, 2014 at 10:15

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