I'm can't find the documentation of MySQL on this topic. Anyone can give some explanations please?

1 Answer 1


According to the MySQL Documentation

Collations have these general characteristics:

Two different character sets cannot have the same collation.

Each character set has one collation that is the default collation. For example, the default collation for latin1 is latin1_swedish_ci. The output for SHOW CHARACTER SET indicates which collation is the default for each displayed character set.

There is a convention for collation names: They start with the name of the character set with which they are associated, they usually include a language name, and they end with _ci (case insensitive), _cs (case sensitive), or _bin (binary).

In cases where a character set has multiple collations, it might not be clear which collation is most suitable for a given application. To avoid choosing the wrong collation, it can be helpful to perform some comparisons with representative data values to make sure that a given collation sorts values the way you expect.

StackOverflow has a list of questions tagged utf-8 and collation

ServerFault only has one tagged utf-8 and collation

There is a website called efreedom.com that has links all around StackOverflow concerning utf8 : http://efreedom.com/Question/1-4784168/Change-Collation-Utf8-Bin-One-Go

Here is another site about collations as its place in the MySQL World : http://www.collation-charts.org/

Here is a link explaining binary collations : http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.0/en/charset-binary-collations.html

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