Questions tagged [hashing]

For questions about the usage of hashing in a database context

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4
votes
1answer
78 views

In PostgreSQL, what area in memory does HashSetOp use, work_mem or shared_buffer?

I want to know the difference between the hash table in a hash join and the hash table in HashSetOp Except. Here is the PostgreSQL script I wrote to explain my question. drop table if exists t1 ...
3
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0answers
79 views

Recent degradation/variability of HashBytes performance

Up until a few days ago, T-SQL code we have running in SQL Azure that generates an MD5 for temp table values was fast (a few seconds per hundred thousand on a Business Critical Gen 5, 2 VCores DB). ...
3
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2answers
24 views

Conflict resolution for hash-backed unique constraint of large text bodies

So we've just run into ERROR: index row size 2736 exceeds maximum 2712 for index "foo__bar__un" Hint: Values larger than 1/3 of a buffer page cannot be indexed. Consider a function index ...
0
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1answer
92 views

Is there a cross-platform way to compare data in one columnd on each sitde of replicated data, like a checksum or hash?

I have an Oracle 12 database with lots of tables, and I am replicating several of the tables (a subset of rows) into a SQL Server 2016 database. The subset of rows can be established with a WHERE ...
0
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1answer
100 views

How to create automatic partitions on a non-time based column in Postgres?

I want to create a partition on a column which is of type serial. A hash based partition seems appropriate here. But from what I understand I will need to create all the partitions myself (based on ...
-1
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1answer
81 views

Does Oracle guarentee that ORA_HASH is used to determine which hash partition a row is inserted, and will this be honored in the future?

I use hash partitioning for a few of my very large tables, and occasionally I have a use case where it would be convenient to have a mechanism that would return the partition name that a row would be ...
7
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3answers
2k views

Is left hash join always better than left outer join?

I have a query that runs quite slow (see below). While searching for a way to improve it we found that the query runs about ten times faster if we replaced the LEFT OUTER JOIN with LEFT HASH JOIN The ...
4
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2answers
174 views

SQL Server hashbytes seed

I'm trying to compare hashes generated by SQL Server HASHBYTES() with hashes generated with python's hash() (or hashlib) function. For both functions, the same algorithm is used. The problem is I don'...
1
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2answers
164 views

oracle - hashing method, excluding DBMS_CRYPTO

BACKGROUND: DBAs have hidden DBMS_CRYPTO package to any role, grantee, and I wonder why. I have to use wrapper instead :( Is there any way to get the same hash for the text field with the same text? ...
0
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3answers
36 views

Index of which columns are NOT empty

I am trying to enhance the search performance of a table based on whether certain columns contain values. I have the following columns : id | link | text | date | lat | long | type If a record ...
0
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0answers
93 views

Hash matches with collisions

I'm trying to improve certain matches that happen often, on many many dimension columns. So my choices as I understand are: Match on many columns Hash the columns, store the hash, match on that. If ...
0
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2answers
239 views

MSSQL Hashbytes produces different output, string vs column value

The following SQL SELECT CONVERT(nvarchar(128), HASHBYTES ('SHA2_512', 'test'), 2) as 'From String' produces the following hash: ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Efficient key value store in Postgres

I want to use Postgres(11 in CloudSQL) as an efficient key value store. I have about 200GB of dictionaries (average size is 10kB, the structure can be different and nested). I'm thinking about ...
0
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1answer
380 views

How to optimize query for text array in PostgreSQL using `@>` operator

I have a column of type text[] and I want to search over this column using this SQL operator @> Note: @> operator, it filters the data as such ['a','b'] in ['a','b','c'] The ...
10
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1answer
365 views

Hash aggregate bailout

A question that arose in a chat discussion: I know hash join bailout switches internally to a sort of nested loops thing. What does SQL Server do for a hash aggregate bailout (if it can happen at ...
0
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1answer
233 views

HashBytes Computed Column: Exclude Column

We want to create Hashbytes computed column Non-Persisted. Table has twenty columns, and would like to exclude IdentityId column. How could I do this in computed column? Is there a SQL library ...
3
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1answer
124 views

Definition of indexing, datatype configuration, and DBMS for SHA3-256 hashes

I am designing a system within which I will need to be able to search a database using a file or string SHA3-256 hash. For example the hash of test is ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Should I use the deprecated MD5 function in SQL Server?

We'd like to use MD5 for our hashing function instead of SHA_256 but as of SQL Server 2016, MD5 is deprecated. We're using this for hashing (comparing which records have changed). We now have this ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Byte ordering for multibyte characters in SQL Server versus Oracle

I am currently in the process of migrating data from Oracle to SQL Server and I'm encountering an issue trying to validate the data post-migration. Environment Details: Oracle 12 - AL32UTF8 ...
31
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4answers
2k views

What is a scalable way to simulate HASHBYTES using a SQL CLR scalar function?

As part of our ETL process, we compare rows from staging against the reporting database to figure out if any of the columns have actually changed since the data was last loaded. The comparison is ...
10
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1answer
710 views

What is the algorithm behind the EXCEPT operator?

What is the internal algorithm of how the Except operator works under the covers in SQL Server? Does it internally take a hash of each row and compare? David Lozinksi ran a study, SQL: Fastest way to ...
1
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1answer
223 views

Specify build and probe tables to hash join?

I am observing a situation in AdventureWorks database where the hash join operator is building hash table using a larger input (296 rows) and then probing with a much smaller input (3 rows). I'm not ...
11
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3answers
6k views

How is it possible for Hash Index not to be faster than Btree for equality lookups?

For every version of Postgres that supported hash indexing, there is a warning or note that hash indexes are "similar or slower" or "not better" than btree indexes, at least up to version 8.3. From ...
0
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1answer
1k views

How to convert hex chars to byte array in mysql

Got sha1 checksum in hexadecimal format(40 characters). Need help to convert hex chars to byte array in mysql. Thanks.
0
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1answer
731 views

Insert PBKDF2 hash into PostgreSQL container

I am using the PostgreSQL docker image with the following Dockerfile: FROM postgres:10.1 COPY init-db.sh /docker-entrypoint-initdb.d/init-db.sh and an init-db.sh script with the following content: ...
-1
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1answer
791 views

Use Sha vs md5 or Hash in Snowflake-db

Let me preface by saying that I am not using this for storing passwords or any other sensitive info -- I simply want a row-level sha/hash that I can use later or to check for unique records. My tables ...
8
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1answer
13k views

Best Data Type to Store Result of HASHBYTES('MD5', …)

What would be the best data type to store the results of the HASHBYTES('MD5', ...)? It outputs 16 bytes of binary as follows: e.g. 0x5CFCD77F9FF836189D2F647EBCEA183E I could store it in the ...
1
vote
1answer
755 views

SQL Server Latching from Multithreading/Parallel Inserts and Hash Partitioning

We are conducting parallel, multithreading inserts in SQL server tables, and want to reduce latching. What are the disadvantages of utilizing hash partitioning to reduce latching? Is it reduced ...
1
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1answer
2k views

MySQL passwords SHA512 using AES_ENCRYPT instead of ENCRYPT?

A tutorial is asking me to encrypt passwords using SHA512 in the following manner: INSERT INTO `vir_users` (`id`, `domain_id`, `password` , `email`) VALUES ('1', '1', ENCRYPT('pw1', CONCAT('$6$', ...
5
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3answers
892 views

Does Microsoft release its SQL Query Hash Algorithm..?

We use SQL Spotlight in our environment. it's pretty handy. we use particularly the output of sys.dm_exec_requests and sys.dm_exec_query_stats. Spotlight pulls the query plan from the plan cache for ...
6
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1answer
7k views

Using HASHBYTES() yields different results for nvarchar and a variable

I'm using server-side hashing to transmit passwords, then running PBKDF2 in the database to store the hashed password + salt combination. Hashing nvarchar(max) and a @variable holding the same value ...
3
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0answers
52 views

What is a cost of search for records in a table with an equality predicate on a non key attribute A and a static hash organization?

To speed up the search for records in a table with an equality predicate on a non key attribute A and selectivity factor fs, is preferable: A sequential organization on a key attribute ? A static ...
1
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1answer
591 views

SQL Server Query Plan Hash Collision

I'm wondering if anyone can shed light on a worry of mine that a query_plan_hash collision could cause a query to be executed as an entirely different query. The hash is a 16 digit Hex that sp_help ...
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0answers
75 views

MySQL partitioning by hash not repeatable

I have a MySQL (5.6.17) table with a few million records that I wish to partition. In order to do this, I use this query: ALTER TABLE tablename PARTITION BY HASH(id) PARTITIONS 8; Seems to ...
4
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1answer
2k views

Determine the size of a hashed varchar column

I am using SQL Server. I have this table: create table MyTable ( ID int not null , Name varchar(500) ) and I am adding a name_hash column to store hash values for the name column: alter myTable ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Using the hash of text instead of text itself to address a row in Postgres

I have a project for a website where I have to address thousands or maybe tens of thousands of objects in a postgres table. Initially I had the url to be: example.com/object/{ID}/{TEXT SLUG}/ where ...
1
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0answers
436 views

Using hashed value as quick comparison

I have a postgres table that will be used to store data pulled from several remote sources / APIs. I will be syncing the data several times a day. Since the data will vary wildly depending on the ...
1
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0answers
194 views

Performance of Long Primary Keys

There are plenty of discussions on the benefits and drawbacks of using hashes as primary keys, but in my case I have a database of webpages that I need to look up by address, and these addresses are ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Use a scalar hashing function in a computed column - non-deterministic?

I have a scalar function select [dbo].[fn_get_hash_fields] ('blah','dbo') to which is passed a table and a schema and which returns an expression representing a concatenation of all column values in ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

How does Hash Join works with relational operators other than equality operator?

I have been reading about Hash Join and how does it work in physical level. However, there is some thing that I don't understand (because of my lack of knowledge). This is the algorithm of Hash Join ...
9
votes
1answer
3k views

Hash Join vs Hash Semi Join

PostgreSQL 9.2 I'm trying to understand the difference between Hash Semi Join and just Hash Join. Here're two queries: I EXPLAIN ANALYZE SELECT * FROM orders WHERE customerid IN (SELECT customerid ...
2
votes
1answer
831 views

How to get back value passed to HASHBYTES()?

I want to use the SQL Server HASHBYTES() function. But I don't know how to get back the value passed to HASHBYTES...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

Mysql How to insert a variable as field value in a table

I have created a variable named hash as a password hash. How can this variable be inserted a a field value in a table? hash = pbkdf2_sha256.encrypt("password", rounds=200000, salt_size=16) cur....
15
votes
2answers
17k views

redis newbie - how to create hash within a hash?

I want to create this type of a structure in redis: (its basically json data) { "id": "0001", "name":"widget ABC", "model": "model123", "service":"standard", "admin_password": ...
0
votes
2answers
230 views

How can user determine which hash their password uses?

Is there a query that a MySQL user that does not have admin rights can run to determine if they are using the old (pre-4.1) hash or the new (4.1-and-later) hash? This user was explicitly granted ...
3
votes
1answer
8k views

how are passwords encoded in pg_shadow

How are passwords encoded in column passwd of pg_shadow? Doing a: select passwd from pg_shadow; I see values like the following: md52c92c858aa1fa12144f1dcbd4ca9c3a0 ... which, doesn't seem to be ...
5
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2answers
18k views

Can't run digest() on PosrgreSQL 9.3 on RDS

Following the advice given on another answer, I tried using the digest() function on PostgreSQL 9.3 on AWS RDS: devdb=> SELECT digest('blah', 'sha1'); ERROR: function digest(unknown, unknown) ...
22
votes
4answers
18k views

Choosing the right algorithm in HashBytes function

We need to create hash value of nvarchar data for comparison purposes. There are multiple hash algorithms available in T-SQL, but which one the best to choose from in this scenario? We want to ensure ...