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Questions tagged [performance]

An evaluation of whether a system works well enough to be fit for purpose. Normally performance refers to the speed with which a system completes an operation or set of operations over time.

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127 votes
3 answers
64k views

Is a composite index also good for queries on the first field?

Let's say I have a table with fields A and B. I make regular queries on A+B, so I created a composite index on (A,B). Would queries on only A also be fully optimized by the composite index? ...
Luciano's user avatar
  • 1,721
49 votes
2 answers
56k views

Configuring PostgreSQL for read performance

Our system writes a lots of data (kind of Big Data system). Write performance is good enough for our needs but read performance is really too slow. The primary key (constraint) structure is similar ...
JPelletier's user avatar
142 votes
5 answers
253k views

Possible to make MySQL use more than one core?

I've been presented with some dedicated MySQL servers that never use more than a single core. I'm more developer than DBA for MySQL so need some help Setup The servers are quite hefty with an OLAP/...
gbn's user avatar
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64 votes
6 answers
86k views

About single threaded versus multithreaded databases performance

H2 is a single threaded database with a good reputation regarding performance. Other databases are multi-threaded. My question is: when does a multi-thread database become more interesting than an ...
Jérôme Verstrynge's user avatar
39 votes
2 answers
66k views

Multi cores and MySQL Performance

Importance of RAM is an established fact but far less material is available about the importance of cores and multithreading when it comes to the usage of CPU by MySQL. I am talking about the ...
Rick James's user avatar
  • 1,271
137 votes
5 answers
164k views

Measure the size of a PostgreSQL table row

I have a PostgreSQL table. select * is very slow whereas select id is nice and quick. I think it may be that the size of the row is very large and it's taking a while to transport, or it may be some ...
Joe's user avatar
  • 1,645
210 votes
7 answers
303k views

How can I optimize a mysqldump of a large database?

I have a symfony application with an InnoDB database that is ~2GB with 57 tables. The majority of the size of the database resides in a single table (~1.2GB). I am currently using mysqldump to ...
Patrick's user avatar
  • 4,269
46 votes
1 answer
17k views

Would index lookup be noticeably faster with char vs varchar when all values are 36 chars

I have a legacy schema (disclaimer!) that uses a hash-based generated id for the primary key for all tables (there are many). An example of such an id is: 922475bb-ad93-43ee-9487-d2671b886479 There ...
Bohemian's user avatar
  • 713
87 votes
4 answers
49k views

Why is my query suddenly slower than it was yesterday?

[Salutations] (check one) [ ] Well trained professional, [ ] Casual reader, [ ] Hapless wanderer, I have a (check all that apply) [ ] query [ ] stored procedure [ ] database thing maybe that ...
Erik Darling's user avatar
  • 42.1k
29 votes
4 answers
6k views

Can spatial index help a "range - order by - limit" query

Asking this question, specifically for Postgres, as it has good supoort for R-tree/spatial indexes. We have the following table with a tree structure (Nested Set model) of words and their frequencies:...
ypercubeᵀᴹ's user avatar
41 votes
3 answers
10k views

difference in execution plans on UAT and PROD server

I want to understand why there would be such a huge difference in execution of the same query on UAT (runs in 3 sec) vs PROD (run in 23 secs). Both UAT and PROD are having exactly data and indexes. ...
Kin Shah's user avatar
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68 votes
3 answers
88k views

What is the performance impact of using CHAR vs VARCHAR on a fixed-size field?

I have an indexed column that stores an MD5 hash. Thus, the column will always store a 32-character value. For whatever reason, this was created as a varchar rather than a char. Is it worth the ...
Jason Baker's user avatar
40 votes
6 answers
70k views

How do you tune MySQL for a heavy InnoDB workload?

Assuming a production OLTP system with predominantly InnoDB tables What are the common symptoms of a mistuned/misconfigured system? What configuration parameters do you most commonly change from ...
Riedsio's user avatar
  • 1,377
25 votes
3 answers
14k views

How is LIKE implemented?

Can anyone explain how the LIKE operator is implemented in current database systems (e.g. MySQL or Postgres)? or point me to some references that explain it? The naive approach would be to inspect ...
Nick's user avatar
  • 353
26 votes
2 answers
10k views

How do I properly perform a MySQL bake-off?

I want to performance test (aka bake-off) MySQL server rpm against some other forks such as Percona server, MariaDB, and possibly some others. I'm hoping that by asking this question I can better ...
randomx's user avatar
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16 votes
3 answers
19k views

Best of MyISAM and InnoDB

Is it possible to make InnoDB to use indexes same as MyISAM instead of clustered index due to limitation of RAM while getting benefit of its concurrency performance?
Rick James's user avatar
  • 1,271
16 votes
2 answers
9k views

Reasons for occasionally slow queries?

We are running MySQL 5.1 on Windows Server 2008 R2. We have been doing some diagnostics on our database of late and have found some disturbing artifacts which we can't explain. We added some code to ...
RedBlueThing's user avatar
78 votes
6 answers
151k views

How do I efficiently get "the most recent corresponding row"?

I have a query pattern that must be very common, but I don't know how to write an efficient query for it. I want to look up the rows of a table that correspond to "the most recent date not after" the ...
Tom Ellis's user avatar
  • 1,609
34 votes
3 answers
31k views

Is the CPU performance relevant for a database server?

This is a purely theoretical question. Let's say I have an application deployed on multiple servers. A load balancer, Multiple/scalable applications servers A (single) database server (for the ...
Zenklys's user avatar
  • 451
70 votes
3 answers
114k views

Optimizing a Postgres query with a large IN

This query gets a list of posts created by people you follow. You can follow an unlimited number of people, but most people follow < 1000 others. With this style of query, the obvious optimization ...
Garrett's user avatar
  • 1,043
24 votes
3 answers
11k views

Is the overhead of frequent query cache invalidation ever worth it?

I'm currently working on a MySQL database where we are seeing a large number of invalidations from the query cache, primarily because of the high number of INSERT, DELETE and UPDATE statements that ...
Craig Sefton's user avatar
53 votes
2 answers
87k views

Optimizing bulk update performance in PostgreSQL

Using PG 9.1 on Ubuntu 12.04. It currently takes up to 24h for us to run a large set of UPDATE statements on a database, which are of the form: UPDATE table SET field1 = constant1, field2 = ...
xyzzyrz's user avatar
  • 651
60 votes
6 answers
32k views

Performance implications of MySQL VARCHAR sizes

Is there a performance difference in MySQL between varchar sizes? For example, varchar(25) and varchar(64000). If not, is there a reason not to declare all varchars with the max size just to ensure ...
BenV's user avatar
  • 4,903
51 votes
5 answers
55k views

Aggressive Autovacuum on PostgreSQL

I'm trying to get PostgreSQL to aggressively auto vacuum my database. I've currently configured auto vacuum as follows: autovacuum_vacuum_cost_delay = 0 #Turn off cost based vacuum ...
CadentOrange's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
15k views

Optimizing InnoDB default settings

I looked into my.ini and saw various default settings. My database is running on a single stand-alone PC. I want to optimize the performance of InnoDB and MySQL in general for performance. There is no ...
RPK's user avatar
  • 1,425
7 votes
3 answers
2k views

Postgres sometimes uses inferior index for WHERE a IN (...) ORDER BY b LIMIT N

We have a PostgreSQL table with ~5 billion rows that has developed a nasty habit of missing the proper indices and doing a Primary Key scan on certain LIMIT operations. The problem generally ...
Arne Claassen's user avatar
6 votes
3 answers
9k views

Does a query with a primary key and foreign keys run faster than a query with just primary keys?

SELECT something FROM table WHERE primary_key = ? vs. SELECT something FROM table WHERE primary_key = ? AND other_key = ? Say that this is a scenario where the inclusion of other_key does NOT ...
rococo's user avatar
  • 419
93 votes
4 answers
93k views

Should I add an arbitrary length limit to VARCHAR columns?

According to PostgreSQL's docs, there's no performance difference between VARCHAR, VARCHAR(n) and TEXT. Should I add an arbitrary length limit to a name or address column? Edit: Not a dupe of: ...
Daniel Serodio's user avatar
37 votes
3 answers
8k views

Why does SQL Server use a better execution plan when I inline the variable?

I have a SQL query that I am trying to optimize: DECLARE @Id UNIQUEIDENTIFIER = 'cec094e5-b312-4b13-997a-c91a8c662962' SELECT Id, MIN(SomeTimestamp), MAX(SomeInt) FROM dbo.MyTable WHERE Id = @...
Rainbolt's user avatar
  • 810
29 votes
3 answers
6k views

Do natural keys provide higher or lower performance in SQL Server than surrogate integer keys?

I'm a fan of surrogate keys. There is a risk my findings are confirmation biased. Many questions I've seen both here and at http://stackoverflow.com use natural keys instead of surrogate keys ...
Hannah Vernon's user avatar
  • 70.2k
5 votes
2 answers
9k views

MySQL on SSD - what are the disadvantages? [closed]

Recently, I heard that I should not host my MySQL database on an SSD drive because there is a big chance of disk failure and data lost. Given that 20% of all queries in my database are INSERTs and ...
Bald's user avatar
  • 211
130 votes
7 answers
154k views

How to determine if an Index is required or necessary

I've been running an auto-index tool on our MS SQL database (I modified a script originating from Microsoft that looks at the index statistics tables - Automated Auto Indexing). From the stats, I now ...
misterjaytee's user avatar
  • 1,403
70 votes
5 answers
135k views

Is it safe to use innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2

I turned innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2 and get a very fast write speed. But is it safe be used in production web site?
Bruce Dou's user avatar
  • 845
21 votes
3 answers
8k views

Why is an OR statement slower than UNION?

Database version: PostgreSQL 12.6 I have a table with 600,000 records. The table has the columns: name (varchar) location_type (int) enum values: (1,2,3) ancestry (varchar) Indexes: ancestry (btree)...
Mohamed Hussein's user avatar
19 votes
1 answer
6k views

SQL Server--If logic in stored procedure and the plan cache

SQL Server 2012 and 2016 Standard: If I put if-else logic in a stored procedure to execute one of two branches of code, depending on the value of a parameter, does the engine cache the latest version?...
Nicole G.'s user avatar
  • 315
14 votes
1 answer
7k views

How do completely empty columns in a large table affect performance?

I have 400 million rows in a Postgres db, and the table has 18 columns: id serial NOT NULL, a integer, b integer, c integer, d smallint, e timestamp without time zone, f smallint, g timestamp without ...
ebi's user avatar
  • 243
6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Optimize a query with small LIMIT, predicate on one column and order by another

I'm using Postgres 9.3.4 and I have 4 queries that have very similar inputs but have vastly different response times: Query #1 EXPLAIN ANALYZE SELECT posts.* FROM posts WHERE posts.source_id IN (...
goddamnyouryan's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
3k views

Can declaring function volatility IMMUTABLE harm performance?

Postgres functions are declared with volatility classification VOLATILE, STABLE or IMMUTABLE. The project is known to be very strict with these labels for built-in functions. And with good reason. ...
Erwin Brandstetter's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
16k views

Why does my query run fast in Environment A, but slow in Environment B?

I have a piece of SQL that seems to run really fast in Environment A, but the exact same query runs really slow in Environment B! Environments are supposed to be the same, so what should I do and/or ...
LowlyDBA - John M's user avatar
54 votes
1 answer
56k views

Indexes: integer vs string performance if the number of nodes is the same

I am developing an application in Ruby on Rails with the PostgreSQL (9.4) database. For my use case, columns in tables will be looked up very frequently, as the whole point of the application is ...
Chris Cirefice's user avatar
28 votes
5 answers
90k views

SELECT DISTINCT on multiple columns

Supposing we have a table with four columns (a,b,c,d) of the same data type. Is it possible to select all distinct values within the data in the columns and return them as a single column or do I ...
Fabrizio Mazzoni's user avatar
25 votes
2 answers
15k views

Get query plan for SQL statement nested in a PL/pgSQL function

Is it possible to get the query plan for an SQL statement executed inside a user defined function (UDF)? Like with using EXPLAIN in pgAdmin or psql as client. I see the UDF abstracted away into a ...
Hassan Syed's user avatar
39 votes
5 answers
85k views

Methods of speeding up a huge DELETE FROM <table> with no clauses

Using SQL Server 2005. I am performing a huge DELETE FROM with no where clauses. It's basically equivalent to a TRUNCATE TABLE statement - except I'm not allowed to use TRUNCATE. The problem is ...
tuseau's user avatar
  • 1,885
32 votes
3 answers
21k views

How Does Table Partitioning Help?

I am having difficulty to grab the idea of pros and cons of table partitioning. I am about to start work on a project which would have 8 tables and one of them will be the main data table which will ...
Rick James's user avatar
  • 1,271
18 votes
3 answers
8k views

Is there an execution difference between a JOIN condition and a WHERE condition?

Is there a performance difference between these two example queries? Query 1: select count(*) from table1 a join table2 b on b.key_col=a.key_col where b.tag = 'Y' Query 2; select count(*)...
BellevueBob's user avatar
15 votes
3 answers
5k views

Testing stored procedure scalability

I have an email application that will be called upon to deliver to the UI the number of new messages for a given user on each page load. I have a few variations of things I am testing on the DB level ...
kacalapy's user avatar
  • 2,052
8 votes
1 answer
1k views

Does MySQL still handle indexes in this way?

Dropping a duplicate index in MySQL was taking rather long, so while I was waiting I searched about it & found this post from 2006, talking about how MySQL handles ADD and DROP index. If a ...
JIStone's user avatar
  • 869
7 votes
1 answer
6k views

Unused index in range of dates query

I have a query that is not using existing indices and I do not understand why. The table: mustang=# \d+ bss.amplifier_saturation Table "bss....
andrew cooke's user avatar
4 votes
3 answers
7k views

MySQL slow log configuration

Is there a way of making MySQL slow logs to start new log file every day ? At the moment its just a single large file, and have to grep lines for every day. It would be much more convenient to have ...
Katafalkas's user avatar
38 votes
1 answer
80k views

Index optimization with dates

I have a large table of objects (15M+ row) in PostgreSQL 9.0.8, for which I want to query for outdated field. I want to divide the query by millions, for scalability & concurrency purposes, and I ...
xlash's user avatar
  • 561

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