Questions tagged [referential-integrity]

Facilities provided by a database management system to ensure consistency within the data.

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Ensure data integrity in relational DB?

Let's imagine I want to store in a relational database the following : A list of quizzes A list of questions associated with quizzes A list of users The answers to questions made from users. I could ...
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How to store a (record which holds a) reference to any other column (attribute) in another table (relation)

TL;DR: If the database schema should hold all the business logic, how is it be possible to specify that an attribute type is a reference to a specific attribute, instead of a specific record (as is ...
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Foreign Key Settings

I will start by mentioning that I am very new to databases. I am working in MySQL. Can anyone give me a layman's view of when you would use which settings for the foreign key options so when you would ...
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24 views

Ensure integrity of other columns from foreign record

I have 3 tables: Race - id PK Racer - id PK - rank Winner - id PK - race_id FK(Race.id) - racer_id FK(Racer.id) - rank - prize UNIQUE CONSTRAINT (race_id, rank) Racer.rank is a non-unique ...
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Referential Integrity - Indirect Foreign Key In “Depth”

Question What is the best practice for ensuring a Key from a "Grand-Parent" or "Great Grand-Parent" table is maintained when a "Child" or "Grand-Child" table is created from multiple relationship ...
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1answer
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Better way to ensure referential integrity of one column to a composite primary key?

Given a first table CREATE TABLE table1 ( column1 INTEGER, column2 TEXT, PRIMARY KEY (column1, column2)); does SQL have an idiomatic way to constrain column3 in a second table CREATE ...
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Do any of the graph based/aware databases have good mechanisms for maintaining referential integrity?

Do any of the graph-based/graph-aware databases (Neo4j, ArangoDB, OrientDB, or other) have mechanisms for maintaining referential integrity on a par with those offered by relational databases? I'm ...
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2answers
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Foreign key twice in same table for different columns?

Server: MariaDB 10.3.21 Client: MariaDB 10.4.12 Given the following structure/data: DROP TABLE IF EXISTS `main`; CREATE TABLE `main` ( `name` varchar(100) COLLATE utf8mb4_unicode_ci NOT NULL, `...
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1answer
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two-table-over <+> functional relationship: maintaining referential integrity

I have three tables, the last two having a many to one relationship with the first, written here in SQL: create table study ( id bigint primary key, name text ); create table treatment ( ...
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1answer
36 views

Data Deplucation and relationship integrity [closed]

I apologize in advance as this question is likely to be more on the theoretical side, with (hopefully) a fair bit of discussion. This is the scenario: We have Salesforce and a multiple local ...
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1answer
447 views

Complex Delete Cascade Including Self-Referencing Table

Above is a diagram of my data structure. It represents a hierarchy which can contain three different types of "elements": "A"s, "B"s and "C"s. The relationships show the delete cascade behavior I ...
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1answer
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How to delete foreign key with lots of references

Table B have several thousand records that references table A with a foreign key. The application sends a request to delete the row from table A. It's important that the synchronous operation would ...
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1answer
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Hierarchical references abstraction with strict model

I want to abstract a real world hierarchy in a strict DB model (as strict as possible). My problem is to to create a structure with a this-or-this-but-not-both rules set. I have two entity types, ...
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Referential integrity based on data more than a table away

Notes on tables A, B, C, D, E B.aid and C.aid reference A.aid. D.cid references C.cid and D.did is the primary key. D is a C. cid and did are pre-assigned and I cannot change them (they need to ...
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More than one path between M-M tables

I'm trying to figure out if it is bad practice to have more than one path between tables that are related via many-to-many relationships. I have 3 user-facing tables: Dupe, Cue, and Take. There is a ...
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1answer
382 views

Foreign key constraints check during replication?

I am a little bit new to replication and can't seem to find an answer to this anywhere. Let's say I have a simple relation in my database: Department table with Code column as PK and Person table ...
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How to model very flexible referencing relationships between many tables?

I have various different entity types in my database. For purposes of example, consider an IMDB database: Movie Person Actor Director Translation and 20 more tables My application enables free-form ...
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Redundant column to maintain data integrity

Consider the following example: Syllabus -id -course_id FOREIGN KEY (course_id) REFERENCES Course(id) SyllabusItem -id -syllabus_id FOREIGN KEY (syllabus_id) REFERENCES Syllabus(id) ...
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1answer
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Keeping reference in an array format

I have a design with an orders table and products table. Each order can have many products, so 1 order N products. The default design would be to have something like this: orders table order_id, ...
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2answers
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Enforcing existence of records while avoiding circular references

I'm having issues designing a satisfactory solution for the following problem. There are two main entities: Customer User A customer can have many users associated to it. A user can be associated ...
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3answers
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Constraining data based on related data in a different table. Should this be done on the database level or the application level?

I am working on a database that contains our customer information as well as information about our vendors. Part of that includes matching our customers with our vendors, the account numbers those ...
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1answer
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FK to table with non-unique values via a on commit refreshing materialized view?

I would like to create a FK to a table without unique values. So I cannot create a simple FK. [to clarify, the parent table has duplicates - dont ask why, not in my control ] I tried creating a ...
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Constraint - one boolean row is true, all other rows false

I have a column: standard BOOLEAN NOT NULL I would like to enforce one row True, and all others False. The are no FK's or anything else depending on this constraint. I know I can accomplish it with ...
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2answers
703 views

Conditional table reference

I have a table tree: +------+-------+ | id | name | +------+-------+ | 0 | tree1 | | 1 | tree2 | | 2 | tree3 | | 3 | tree4 | +------+-------+ A table pen: +------+------+ | id | ...
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Orphan records after delete statement in stored procedure

I have a database where some of the tables have parent --> child --> grandchild relationships through foreign keys as shown below. CREATE TABLE Parent ( ParentID INT UNSIGNED PRIMARY KEY ...
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1answer
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Create foreign key constraint on indirect data

I am trying to enforce relational integrity across some database design containing sensor data. The relevant parts of the database: CREATE TABLE logger ( id INTEGER PRIMARY KEY ); CREATE TABLE ...
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Modelling a second level table relationship

I have three tables in my Database: Customers ---------- Id Name Addresses ---------- Id Description CustomerId Orders ---------- Id Description CustomerId DeliveryAddressId I'd like to make ...
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3answers
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Determinism inside an INSTEAD OF trigger

In reference to my prior question about a preferred design to avoid circular or multiple update path referential integrity cascading updates and deletes via ON UPDATE CASCADE and ON DELETE CASCADE, I'...
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Preferred design to avoid circular/multiple update paths

Consider the following design: CREATE TABLE dbo.Farmers ( FarmerName varchar(10) NOT NULL PRIMARY KEY ); CREATE TABLE dbo.FarmEquipment ( FarmEquipmentName varchar(10) NOT NULL ...
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4answers
337 views

Referential integrity when two FK columns need to match themselves in the same table?

It's possible my design is wrong, or there's simply a better way. I'll use a very simple example: --------- dbo.Book---------- | | | BookID int identity (1,1) | ...
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1answer
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How do I set up primary and foreign keys referencing two different tables?

I need to have two primary keys also to be the foreign keys in the same table. These two keys are referenced in different tables. I keep getting error messages that are unclear to me. My code is as ...
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1answer
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Is there another source for untrusted foreign keys beside FK disable and BULK inserts?

This question and its answer explain how bulk inserts will render FK as untrusted, as bulk inserts are not completely checked (only PK and UNIQUEs) . I also know that temporarily disable of a FK may ...
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Is having relationships between separate databases bad practice?

I am working with a client that has multiple databases. There are several master level databases that have relationships back to them from instance level databases (application specific DBs). The ...
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the REFERENCES privilege is only about creating a foreign key constraint? Practical use cases?

Today I learned about GRANT REFERENCES. In years of SQL admin and dev work I never heard about it and never had issues with it. quote from MySQL 5.7 Reference Manual / GRANT Syntax REFERENCES ...
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Deleting would-be orphans when creating FK in Postgres

I am working on a script that replicates schema and data. I first create all the structure except for foreign keys after reading it from the source's system tables, then copy the data, then create the ...
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1answer
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Check integrity between servers

I have three Database servers, running PostgreSQL 9.2: master01 (Own data center USA) slave01 (Own data center USA) slave02 (AWS Australia) Both slaves use streaming replication + ...
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DELETE statement conflicted with the REFERENCE constraint

My situation looks like this: Table STOCK_ARTICLES: ID *[PK]* OTHER_DB_ID ITEM_NAME Table LOCATION: ID *[PK]* LOCATION_NAME Table WORK_PLACE: ID *[PK]* WORKPLACE_NAME Table INVENTORY_ITEMS: ID ...
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1answer
163 views

Simple way to list order of referential integrity in Postgres

Is there a clean, simple, and preferably prepackaged (ready function?) way to list the order of referential integrity in a Postgres database, rather than trying to read the system tables to find that ...
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523 views

How do triggers and check constraints relate to maitaining database rules

I was looking at a tutorial on triggers for SQLite. The tutorial said that a use of triggers could be for data validation. The following code was given as an example: CREATE TRIGGER ...
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1answer
680 views

Make a boolean column unique per group

I want to ensure consistency and make sure only one phone line is the default for a house. Schema: PhoneLine ID | isDefault | HouseID I want to add a trigger so that when you add/update a row, and ...
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DB Design. Tracking history without losing referential integrity

To make it simple, let’s say we have these 2 tables: CREATE TABLE `tbl_companies` ( `id` int(11) NOT NULL, `name` varchar(100) NOT NULL, PRIMARY KEY (`id`) ); CREATE TABLE `tbl_workers` ( `...
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1answer
321 views

Optional Parent-Child relationship

I have a problem modeling a relationship whereby the child may or may not be related to a parent. For example. You have a Band database with a Tour(parent) table, and a Gig/Concert(child) table. Now, ...
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Visualize the effects of a cascading delete or update?

In MySQL, I'm working with a database that has integrity constraints on foreign keys (nothing overly special here). Is there a method to somehow visualize the effects of a cascading delete or update? ...
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Can I create a referential integrity constraint in SQL Server that prevents time overlaps? [duplicate]

It is trivial to create a Constraint on uniqueness for an integer value, but I am wondering if it is possible to create a constraint on overlap/intersection of a range of values. For example, my ...
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1answer
8k views

Foreign key for array column [duplicate]

I have a table: CREATE TABLE methods ( method_id serial PRIMARY KEY, method_name varchar(100) ); I now want to create a table with the following columns: CREATE TABLE experiments ( ...
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3answers
2k views

SELECT + INSERT or INSERT alone

I have an application where several devices send data every second to my server. On the database I have a table with the devices and another table with the data sent every second. The first time a ...
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How do I disable constraint checking during schema migration?

How do I disable FOREIGN KEY checking for the time of database schema migration? Currently I found engine-based commands like: PostgreSQL: SET CONSTRAINTS ALL DEFERRED; MSSQL: EXEC sp_msforeachtable ...
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1answer
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Integrity Issues in this structure?

Imagine the situation. There are three tables, Student table[PK Student ID] Enrollment Table [PK EnrollID, FK Student ID] Fees Paid [PK Fee ID, FK EnrollID, FK StudentID] Edit: Fee_Paid Table ...
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534 views

Constraint across multiple tables

I'm modeling a system where with vendors, each of which sells some overlapping subset of products available in the universe. Products (T-shirt) come in various variants (Small, Medium, Large) with ...
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“Merge” two rows in a Postgres table, with foreign keys

I am keeping a database of books I've read, using the following two tables in PostgreSQL: CREATE TABLE authors ( id SERIAL PRIMARY KEY, name text ); CREATE TABLE books ( id SERIAL ...